This paper explored the adolescents’ attitude towards premarital sex. The influence of age, gender and religious affiliation of adolescents on the variable was examined. Participants for this study were drawn from a survey of 1902 secondary school adolescents in Ibadan, South west Nigeria. The students whose ages  ranged between 12-20 years (=16; SD = 1.46) were selected from public and private owned schools. On gender, male respondents constitute 48.2% while 51.8% were females. All the participants were in the Senior Secondary School (SSS) classes one to three. The results obtained revealed a conservative attitude towards premarital sex. A non significant difference was observed between male and female adolescents on attitude toward premarital sex, but age of adolescent and their religious affiliation has significant influence on attitude toward premarital sex.


Abraham., L. (1997) Understanding Youth Sexuality: A Study of College Students in Mumbai. A Report International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), New Delhi.

Abraham, L. (2001). Understanding Youth Sexuality: A study of college students in Mumbai City, India. Journal of Social Work 62(2).

Adamchak, S.; Bond, K.; Maclaren, L; Magnani, R; Nelson, K; and Selzer, J. (2000): A Guide to Monitoring and Evaluating Adolescent Reproductive Health Programmes. Washington, D.C. Focus on Young Adults.

Adegoke, A.A. (2013) Sexual Behaviour Practice of Secondary School Adolescents in Ibadan Metropolis, South

West Nigeria. Ife Psychologia: An International Journal of Psychology in Africa Vol 21 (2): 12-26.

Adeokun, L. (1990). Projection of Urban Housing needs. Urban Housing in Nigeria, Ibadan.

Aderibigbe, S.A. and Araoye, M.O. (2008) Effect of Health Education on sexual Behaviour of Students of Public Secodnary Schools in Ilorin, Nigeria. European Journal of Scientific Research, Vol 24(1); 33-41.

Ajuwon, A. J., Olley, B.O., Akin- Jimoh, I. and Akintola, A. (2001). Experience of sexual coercion among adolescents

in Ibadan, Nigeria African Journal of Reproductive Health, 5(3) 120-130.

Ajuwon, A.J., Olaleye, A. Famoroju, B. and Ladipo, O. (2006) Sexual behaviour and experience of sexual coercion among secondary school students in three states in North Eastern Nigeria. Bio Med Central (BMC) Public Health ; 6:310.

Alarape, A.I. Olapegba, P.O.; and Chovwen (2008) Condom Use among Students: The influence of Condom Self efficacy, social norms and affective attitude towards condom. Journal of Social Sciences. Kamla Raj; 17(3): 237-241.

Amazigo, Uche, Nancy Silva, Joan Kaufman and Daniel, S. O. (1997). Sexual activity and contraceptive knowledge and use among in-school adolescents in Nigeria: International Family Planning Perspectives 23(1):28-33.

Barker, Gary K. and Susan Rich (1992): Influences on Adolescent Sexuality in Nigeria and Kenya: findings from recent focus group Discussion Studies in Family Planning 23(3): 199-210.

Bauni, E. K. (1990). Fertility Decline and Family Planning in Chogoria, Eastern Kenya. Unpublished PhD Thesis. London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London.

Bearinger, L. H., Sleving, R.E.., Ferguson, J. and Sharma V. (2007). Global Perspectives on the Sexual and reproductive health of adolescents: patterns, prevention and potential. Lancet; 369: 1220-1231.

Bogges, S. and Bradner, C. (2000) Trends in Adolescent Males’ Abortion Attitudes, 1988-1995: Differences by Race and Ethnicity. Family Planning Perspectives 32(3): 118-123.

Cherlin, A., & Riley, N. (1986). Adolescent Fertility: An Emerging Issue in sub-Saharan Africa. Washington, DC: The

World Bank. Population, Health and Nutrition Department.

DHS (2003) Sexual initiation and premarital childbearing in sub-Saharan African Working Paper: Macro International

line, Columbia Maryland, USA.

Family Care International (2005) Reproductive health briefing Cards. New York.

Family Planning Foundation (F.P.F) and Operations Research Group (ORG) (1992). Study of Population Socialization among Indian Teenagers as reported in Population Head lines, No 217, New Delhi

Fatusi, A. O. and Blum, R.W. (2008) Predictors of early sexual initiation among a nationally representative sample of Nigerian adolescent. BioMed Central (BMC) Public Health, 8: 136

Fawole, O.I.; Azuzu, M.C. and Oduntan, S.O. (1999): Survey of Knowledge, Attitudes and Sexual Practices Relating to HIV Infection/AIDS among Nigerian Secondary School Students. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 392); 15-24.

Ghule, M. (2004).Sexual and Reproductive Health of Youth: A Study of Male Students in Maharashstra, India. Ph.D Dissertation (Unpublished), International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai.

Ghule , D.B , Beena, J. (2007)Attitude towards Premarital Sex among Rural College Youth in Maharashtra, India Mohan Sex Cult 11:1–17

Ghule, M., Balaiah, Don’t and Joshi, Beena (2007) Attitude towards premarital sex among rural college youth in Maharashtra, India. Sex and Culture , 11; 1-17.

Goparaju, L. (1993). Unplanned, unsafe: Male Students Sexual Behaviour: Paper presented a the workshop on Sexual Aspects of AIDS/STD Prevention in India. Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai.

Hindin, M.J. and Fatusi, A.O. (2009) Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Developing Countries: An overview of trends and Interventions. International Perspectives on sexual and Reproductive Health, Vol 35 (2): 58 – 62.

Hulton, Louise, A; Rachel Cullen and Symons Wamala Khalokho (2000). Perceptions of the risks of sexual activity and their consequences among Ugandan Adolescents: Studies in Family Planning 31:35-46.

Izugbara, C.O (2001) Tasting the forbidden fruit: The social context of debut sexual encounters among young persons in a rural Nigerian community. African Journal of Reproductive Health; 5 (2): 22-29.

Kalof, L., and Wade, B. H. (1995). Sexual attitudes and experiences with sexual coercion: Exploring the influence of

race and gender. Journal of Black Psychology, 21(3), -238.

Kekovle,.J., Kiragu, K., Muruli, L., and Josiah, P. (1997). Reproductive Health Communication in Kenyan: Results of a

National IEC Situation Survey. Country Report. Baltimore, John Hopkins Centre for Communication Programs

Kiragu, K., and Zabin, L. S. (1993). The correlates of premarital sexual activity among school-age adolescents in

Kenya. International Family Planning Perspectives, 92-109.

Leigh, B. C., Morrison, D. M., Trocki, K., and Temple, M. T. (1994). Sexual behavior of

American adolescents: Results from a US national survey. Journal of Adolescent Health, 15(2), 117-125.

Miller, B. C., McCoy, J. K., Olson, T. D and Mallace, C. M. (1986). Parental Discipline and Control attempts in relation to adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviour. Journal of Marriage and the family; 46; 503-512.

Nzioka, C. (2001) Perspectives of Adolescent boys on the risks of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections: Kenya Reproductive Health Matters. 9(17)108-117.

Ogunniyi, S. O., & Faleyimu, B. L. (1991). Problem of illegal abortion in Africa. Postgrad Doc Afr, 13, 19-22.

Ogunniyi, S. O., & Faleyimu, B. L. (1990). Trends in maternal deaths in Ilesa, Nigeria, 1977-1988. West African

Journal of Medicine, 10(1), 400-404.

Okpani, A.O.U and Okpani, J.U (2000) Sexual activity and contraceptive use among female adolescents – A report from Port Harcourt, Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 4 (1): 40-47.

Ola, T.M. and Oludare, B. A. (2008) Sexual Practices and knowledge about HIV/AIDS among Nigerian Secondary School Students. International Journal of Health Research 1(4): pp197-205.

Oladepo O. and Brieges W.R. (1994): AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavioural Patterns among University Students in Ibadan, Nigeria. Afr. J. Med Med St. 23; 119 – 25.

Oladepo, O., & Fayemi, M. M. (2011). Perceptions about sexual abstinence and

knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention among in-school adolescents in a western Nigerian city. BMC public health, 11(1), 304.

Orubuloye, I. O., Caldwell, J. C., & Caldwell, P. (1991). Sexual networking in the Ekiti District of Nigeria. Studies in

Family Planning, 61-73.

Otoide, V.O., Oronsaye, F &Okonofua, F.E. (2001). Why Nigerian adolescents seek abortion rather than contraception: evidence from focus group discussions. International family planning perspectives, 77-81

Owolabi, A.T., Onayade, A.A., Ogunlola, L.O., Ogunniyi, S.O., and Kuti, O. (2005) sexual behaviour of secondary school adolescents in Ilesa, Nigeria: Implications for the spread of STIs Gynaecology: 25(2): 174-178.

Parikh, S. (2000) Desire, Romance and Reguladun: Adolescent Sexuality in Uganda’s Time of AIDS Ph.D Dissertation Yale University.

Rakesh, A. (1992). Premarital Sexual Attitudes and behaviour among adolescent girls. Jaipur: Print Well Publishers.

Rangaiyan, G. (1996) Sexuality and Sexual Behaviour in the age of AIDS: A study among college youth in Mumbai: Ph.D Dissertation (Unpublished) International Institute for Population Sciences (11PS). Mumbai

Rena, R. (2006) Premarital Sex-Lessons From American Experience. The Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 11(1); 134-145.

Resnick, M. D., Bearman, P. S., Blum, R. W., Bauman, K. E., Harris, K. M., Jones, J., and Udry, J. R. (1997). Protecting adolescents from harm: findings from the National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health. Jama, 278(10), 823-832.

Salts, C. J., Seismore, M. D., Lindholm, B. W., & Smith, T. A. (1994) Attitudes toward marriage and premarital

sexual activity of college freshmen. Adolescence, 29, 775-780.

Setel, P. (1999). A Plague of Paradoxes: AIDS, Culture and Demography in Northern Yanzania. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Singh, S.,M Bankole, A and Woog, V. (2005). Evaluating the need for sex education in developing countries: sexual behaviour, knowledge of preventing sexually transmitted infections/HIV and unplanned pregnancy. Sex Education, 5;307-331.

Slap, G.B., Lot, L., Huang, B., Daniyan, C.A. Zink, T.M. and Succop; P.A. (2003) Sexual behaviour of adolescents in Nigeria: Cross Sectional Survey of Secondary School Students. British Medical Journals, 326:15-20.

Smith, D. J. (2000) ‘These Girls Today: Na wa-O’ Premarital Sexuality and Modern Identity in south eastern Nigeria. Africa Today 47(3-4) 98-120.

Smith, D. J. (2003) Youth, Sin and Sex in Nigeria Christianity and HIV/AIDS related Beliefs and Behaviour among Rural-Urban migrants Culture, Health and Sexuality

Smith, D.J. (2004) Premarital sex, Procreation and Problems of HIV Risk in Nigeria. Paper presented at the annual meetings of the population association of America. April 1-3, Boston, MA

Sunmola, A. M., Dipeolu, M.M., Babalola, S., and Otu, A.D. (2002) Reproductive, Sexual and contraceptives behaviour of adolescents in Niger state Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 6(3) ; 82-92.

Webstron, L., and Mardh, P.A. (1990) Acute pelvic Inflammatory disease (PID). In Holmes, et al (Ed) Sexually transmitted diseases. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw- Hill; pp:593-614.

Werner-Wilson, R. J. (1998). Gender differences in adolescent sexual attitudes: the influence of individual and family factors. Adolescence, 33, 519-531.