PSYCHOSOCIAL CORRELATES OF UTILIZATION OF MODERN FAMILY PLANNING AMONG WOMEN FARMERS OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN SELECTED PERI-URBAN COMMUNITIES OF IBADAN, NIGERIA

Bashirat A IBRAHIM, Fausat M IBRAHIM

Abstract


The use of modern family planning produces tremendous benefits for individual and communal well-being but its utilization is notably poorer among rural residents whose occupation is typically farming. Moreover, psychosocial factors are implicated in contraceptive use but this is yet to be optimally studied. Hence, this work was designed to examine psychosocial correlates of utilization of modern family planning among women farmers of reproductive age in selected peri-urban communities of Ibadan, Nigeria.

The study design was a cross-sectional survey. A structured, closed-ended questionnaire was administered via structured interview to 408 randomly selected respondents in Ido and Ona-ara local government areas of Ibadan, Nigeria. Multi-item measures were used to assess variables while stepwise, multiple linear regression was used to assess combined and solo explanatory power of the predictors of utilization of modern family planning.

Results indicate that the mean score of utilization of modern family planning was 1.89±1.86 (min.= 0, max.= 4). The descriptive norm of contraceptive use, marital communication, food insecurity, perceived stress and household size are significant predictors of utilization of modern family planning (multiple R = 0.638, adjusted R2 = 0.398; p < 0.001). Meanwhile, descriptive norm of contraceptive use is the best predictor of utilization of modern family planning (standardized ᵦ = .397, R2 change = .234; r = .484, partial r = .436, p<0.001).

Psychosocial factors are significant determinants in the predisposition to utilize family planning and the descriptive norm of contraceptive use is the most important of these determinants. This validates axioms that implicate social circumstances in life outcomes.

 



Keywords


Psychosocial factors, family planning, women farmers, descriptive norm, marital communication, food insecurity, perceived stress and extended family.

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