• Femi M. ILEVBARE
  • Tejumade F. ESAN


Personality, moral intelligence, in-school adolescents, school vandalism


Studies linking personality characteristics and moral intelligence to school vandalism among in-school adolescents are relatively scarce. This present study examined the role of personality characteristics and moral intelligence in the adoption of school vandalism among Nigerian sample of in-school adolescents. A cross-sectional survey design was used to conduct this study with a sample of 346 (females = 50.6%, mean age =13.72 years, SD = 2.06) in-school adolescents at public and private secondary schools in Ibadan metropolis, Southwestern, Nigeria. Data were collected using the Personality Scale, Moral Intelligence Scale and the School Vandalism Scale. The results suggest that Big-Five, namely extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness to experience significantly predicted school vandalism while moral intelligence also significantly predicted school vandalism of in-school adolescents. These findings suggest that personality disposition and moral intelligence influence school vandalism within the Nigerian context.


Abamara, N,C, Ezeh, L.N, Oguegbe, T.M, & Nwuaajei, G.P.(2019). Personality factors and Socio-economic status as Predictors of Tendency to vandalize the Nigerian Oil-pipelines Among Ijaw Youths. Social Sciences Research 5(1), 100-121

Allen, V.L & Greenberger, D.B. (1978). An Aesthetic Theory of Vandalism. Crime and Delinquency 24(3), 309-302

Allik, J. (2005). Personality dimensions across cultures. Journal of Personality disorders, 19, 212-232

Anastasia, O.V, Irina, V.V, Olga, Y.K & Marina, S.K. (2017). Primary School children’s Vandalism. The Problem of up-bringing and interaction in Russian Families. European Journal of Mental Health 12, 165-186

Boyle, G.J; Matthews, G. & Saklofske, D.H. (2008). The Sage Handbook of Personality theory and assessment (Vol. 1-2). Los Angeles: Sage

Catalano, R., Loeber, R., & Mckinney, K. (1999). School and neighbourhood interventions to prevent serious and violent offending. Juvenile Justice Bulletin, 1–11. Retrieved from

Faramarzi, M, Jahanian, K, Zarbakhsh, M, Sahehi, S & Pasha, H. (2014). The Role of Moral intelligence and identity Styles in Predictions of Mental health Problems in Healthcare Students. Health 6, 664-672

Goldstein, A.P (1996). The Psychology of Vandalism: New York: Plenum Press

Gosling, S., Rentfrow, P.J., & Swann, W. (2003). A very brief measure of the Big-Five personality domains. Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 504-508.

Kalgi, M.E & Aliyev, R. (2015). Adolescents Vandalism Scale. Development, validity. Journal of Educational Sciences 3(4), 79- 93

Lennick, D. & Kiel, F. (2011) Moral Intelligence 2.0: Enhancing Business Performance and Leadership Success in Turbulent Times. Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River.

MaCrae, R.R; & Costa, P.T, Jr. (1997). Personality trait structure as a human universal. American Psychologist, 52, 509- 516

Pfattheicher, S, Keller, J, & Knezevic, G. (2019). Destroying things for pleasure: On the relation of sadism, and vandalism. Personality and Individual Differences 140, 52- 56

Plank, S.B, Bradshaw, C.P & Young, H. (2008). An application of ‘broken-windows” and related theories to the study of disorder, fear, and collective efficacy in schools. American Journal of Education, 115 (2), 227-247 doi:10.1086/595660

Tenibiaje, M.O, & Tenibiaje, D.J. (2014). Influence of gender and personality characteristics on violent behaviour among Adolescents in Nigeria. Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies 2(1), 179-185

Ola, A.B & Adewale, Y.Y. (2014). Infrastructural Vandalism in Nigerian Cities: The case of Osogbo, Osun State. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences 4(3), 49- 60

Oviawe, J.O. (January 14th, 2018). Edo State SUBEB, Police to curb Vandalism, encroachment in Schools. Vanguard Newspaper Retrieved

Stahl A.L (2000). Juvenile vandalism, 1997. OJJDP Fact Sheet. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Justice

Sukai, P. ( January 9th, 2020). Kaduna engages vigilante to Protect Schools. Punch Newspaper. Retrieved

Vanderveen, G, & Van Eijk, G.V. (2016). Criminal but Beautiful: A study on Graffiti and the role of Value Judgements and Context in Perceiving Disorder. European Journal of Criminology Policy Research 22, 107- 125

Vilalta, C.J & Fondevila, G. (2018). School Vandalism in Mexico. Journal of School Violence. 17 (3), 392-404 https//

Zuzile M (2003). Head shuts vandalized school. Dispatch Online, 24 July. Available url: