PERCEPTION ON THE TREND AND PATTERNS OF YOUTH CRIMINALITY IN IBADAN SOUTHWESTERN, NIGERIA
Keywords:Crime, Youths, Underdevelopment, Unemployment, Rape
AbstractCrime exists everywhere in the world. However, the prevalence of youth’s criminality in Nigeria posed serious concern for all and sundry. It is upon this reality, the study investigates the trend and patterns of youth criminality in Ibadan, Southwestern, Nigeria. The study utilized social learning theory and cultural theory of crime as theoretical guide. Descriptive survey design was used. Sample was one hundred and eighty (180) youths selected from six (6) cluster zones in Ibadan metropolis, Nigeria. These subjects were selected through multi-stage sampling technique which included purposive, stratified and quota sampling methods. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed. The quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistic while qualitative data were analyzed using content analysis and direct quotes. The result revealed that educational status, place of residence, family structure, use of hard drugs and alcohol consumption, criminal peers as well as idleness significantly influence the prevalence of youth’s involvement in crimes in Ibadan. While, surprisingly, factors such as age, gender and marital status were confirm not significant in prevalence of youths crime in Ibadan metropolis. Also, the study found that the major offence committed by youths in Ibadan is rape. Based on this, the study recommend that government should assist providing a technical institution, whereby the youths get involved in learning various handwork such as carpentry, fashion designing, mechanic, electrician, painting work, etc. this will keep the youths from being idle.
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