INFLUENCE OF GRATITUDE, SELF-EFFICACY, AND SUBJECTIVE HAPPINESS ON SATISFACTION WITH LIFE AMONG NURSING STUDENTS IN FCT, ABUJA
AbstractThe study investigated the influence of Gratitude, Self-efficacy, and Subjective Happiness on Satisfaction with Lifeamong Nursing Students in the School of Nursing and Midwifery FCT, Abuja, Nigeria. Using a quantitative surveydesign, data was collected from a randomly selected sample of two hundred and seven (207) students (100 malesand 107 females) across all three levels of the school. Self-administered questionnaires consisting of the GratitudeQuestionnaire (Q6), the New General Self-Efficacy (NGSE), the Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS), the SatisfactionWith Life Scale (SWLS), and socio-demographic questions constituted the research instruments used for datacollection. Five research hypotheses were postulated and tested using linear regression analysis. The results showedthat gratitude significantly influenced subjective happiness (R2 =.067, F (1,205) = 14.74, B =.259, P.05). Self-efficacydid not influence subjective happiness (R 2 =.71, f (1,205) = 15.621, B =-.266, P.05). Gratitude significantly influencedsatisfaction with life (R2 =.071, F (1, 205) = 15.621, B = -.266, P.05). Self-efficacy significantly influenced satisfactionwith life (R2 =.059, F (1, 205) = 12.960, B = 2.44 P.05). Gratitude and self-efficacy significantly and jointly influencedsubjective happiness (R2 =.127, F (2, 204) = 14.844, B = 394, .279, P.05). On the basis of the findings, it wasrecommended that nursing students be encouraged to focus on the positive aspects of life, such as consciouslyredirecting their attention away from negative stressors associated with the Nigerian educational system and activelyseeking out the good in situations, as this can help increase feelings of gratitude and happiness.Keywords: Gratitude, Self-efficacy, Subjective happiness, Satisfaction with life, Nursing students.
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