Benjamin Adegboyega OLABIMITAN


The study examined the influence of perceived social support and self-esteem on psychological well-being civil servants in Alausa-Lagos. The study adopted a cross sectional survey design, while stratified and accidental sampling techniques were employed in selecting 571 civil servants across various ministries in Alausa state secretariat. Three standardized scales: 18- item Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well Being, perceived social support by Zimet, Dahlem, Zimet & Farley and 10-item Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale were used for data collection. Three hypotheses were raised and the results revealed significant negative relationship between self-esteem and psychological wellbeing (r=-.12, df=569, p<0.1); significant positive relationship between social support and psychological wellbeing. (r=-.75, df=569, p<0.1); males civil servants experienced higher psychological wellbeing compared to their females’ counterparts (t=4.6, df=569, p=<.01). The results were discussed and recommendations raised for future studies based on some identified limitations of the study.



Perceived social support, Self esteem, Gender, Psychological wellbeing, civil servants.

Full Text:



Adejuwon, G. A; Adekunle I.F and Ojeniran, M. (2018). Social Support and Personality Traits as Predictors of Psychological Wellbeing of Postpartum Nursing Mothers in Oyo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 11(2), 704-721.

Bucker, S., Nuraydin, S., Simosmeier, B.A., Schneider, M., &Luhmann, M. (2018). Subjective well-being and academic achievement: A meta-analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 7, 83-94.

Cohen, S. (2004). Social relationships and health. American Psychologist, 59(8), 676-684.

Carruthers, C. P., & Hood, C. D. (2004). The power of the positive: Leisure and well-being. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 38(2), 225–245.

Diener E, & Diener M.(1995). Cross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychol. 68:653–63.

Diener, E; Oishi, S, & Lucas, R.E.(2015). National accounts of subjective well-being. American Psychologist. 70(3):234–42. Emanuel, A.S., Howell, J.L., Taber, J.M., Ferrer, R.A., Klein, W.M.P., & Harris, P.R. (2018). Spontaneous self-affirmation is associated with psychological well-being: Evidence from a US national adult survey sample. Journal of Health Psychology, 23 (1), 95-102.

Hernandez, R., Bassett, S.M., Boughton, S.W., Schuette, S.A., Shiu, E.W., & Moskowitz, J.T. (2018). psychological well-being and physical health: associations, mechanisms, and future directions. Emotion Review, 10 (1), 18-29.

Igbolo M.A; Salami, C.J and Uzochukwu, O.U. (2017). The impact of family and social support on the health and well-being of people in Calabar metropolis, Cross River state, Nigeria. European Journal of Social Sciences Studies, 2(1): 65-73.

Johnsen, T.L., Eriksen, H.R., Indahl, A., & Tveito, T.H. (2017). Directive and nondirective social support in the workplace – is this social support distinction important for subjective health complaints, job satisfaction, and perception of job demands and job control? Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 46 (3), 358-367

Kantariya. A, S. (2017). Impact of Gender on Psychological Well-Being among Post-Graduate Students. Psychology and Behavioral Science International Journal, 29(1)

Lee, S., Chung, J. E., & Park, N. (2016). Network environments and well-Being: An examination of personal network structure, social capital, and perceived social support. Health Communication, 33(1), 22-31.

Nwankwo, C.B; Okechi, B.C,& Nweke, P.O. (2015). Relationship between Perceived Self-Esteem and Psychological Well-Being among Student Athletes. Acad. Res. J. Psychol. Counsel. 2(1): 8-16.

Onuoha , C.U & Akintola , A.A.(2018)Perceived social support influence on psychological well-being dimensions of non-indigene first year undergraduate students in a Nigerian university. African Journal for the Psychological Studies of Social Issues, 21(3).

Paradise, A. W., & Kernis, M. H. (2017). Self-esteem and psychological well-being: Implications of fragile self-esteem. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 21(4), 345-361.

Rathi, N (2009) Relationship of quality of work life with employee’s psychological well-being. International Journal Business Insights and Transformation, 3: 52-60.

Robins, R.W; Hendin, H.M; & Trzesniewski, K.H.(2011). Measuring global self-esteem: Construct validation of a single-item measure and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 27:151–61.

Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton. University Press.

Ryff, C. D. & Keyes, C. L. M. (1995). The structure of Psychological wellbeing revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69 (4), 719–727

Steger, M.F; Frazier, P; Oishi, S; &Kaler, M.(2006). The meaning in life questionnaire: Assessing the presence of and search for meaning in life. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 53(1):80.

Visani, D; Albieri, E; Offidani, E; Ottolini, F; Tomba, E; & Ruini, C.(2011). Gender Differences in Psychological Well-Being and Distress During Adolescence, The Human Pursuit of Well-Being, 21(2): 65-70.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.