EFFECTIVENESS OF DIALECTICAL BEHAVIOUR AND COGNITIVE PROCESSING THERAPIES IN THE REDUCTION OF EMOTIONAL STRESS AMONG SEXUALLY ABUSED FEMALE ADOLESCENTS

Adebunmi Oyebisi OYEKOLA, Ajibola O FALAYE, Ajibola O FALAYE, David Adebayo OLUWOLE, David Adebayo OLUWOLE

Abstract


 

This study examined the effectiveness of Dialectical Behaviour (DBT) and Cognitive Processing Therapies (CPT) in the reduction of emotional stress and moderating effects of resilience and age among sexually abused female adolescents in Ibadan metropolis. A Pretest-posttest control group, quasi-experimental design with a 3×2×3 factorial matrix was adopted. 78 participants were randomly assigned to eight weeks of intervention. Child Sexual Abuse Index (r= 0.96) for screening, Revised Impact of Events (r=0.90) and Resilience (r=0.78) were used for data collection. Analysis of Covariance and Scheffe posthoc test analysis showed a significant main effect of treatments (F (2, 66) = 5.42, η2 = 0.14) and resilience (F (2, 66) = 3.43, η2 = 0.07) on emotional stress. CPT (= 39.16) reported a higher reduction in emotional stress levels than DBT (= 39.95) and control (= 56.29) groups. A two-way significant interaction effect of treatment and resilience (F (2, 66) = 4.22, η2 = 0.11) and treatment and age on emotional stress (F (2, 66) = 3.35, η2 = 0.09) was reported. DBT and CPT were effective in reducing emotional stress, while resilience moderated the effect of emotional stress hence the two therapies and resilience skills training should be incorporated into the treatment regimen for sexually abused female adolescents in Nigeria.

 


Keywords


Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, Cognitive Processing Therapy, Emotional Stress,

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