Helen Jibike FATOYE



The COVID-19 pandemic shocked the world creating problems and affecting human life negatively. It has erased the gains made in gender advocacy and women rights in the last two decades, thereby increasing women vulnerability in Nigeria. This paper discussed increasing women vulnerability in the COVID-19 era in Nigeria and social welfare options to deal with these vulnerabilities. Loss of livelihood, increasing gender-based violence and sexual abuse were seen as the major risks for women. Lockdown and social distancing measures and Lack of accessibility to support centers were seen as factors that facilitate women vulnerability during this period. The paper recommends that government create a strategy or plan of action solely dedicated to curb women vulnerability. Priorities should be given to women in the post-COVID-19 recovery plan and states should endeavour to copy Ekiti state Shaming strategy to deter abusers of the female gender



COVID-19, Social Welfare, Women Vulnerability, Lockdown.

Full Text:



AbdulRasaq, F. and Lukman, A. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 Legal measures on widows in Nigeria. Women

Justice and Law series. Institute for African Women in Law. Retrieved on 21st July, 2020. Available on

https://www.africanwomeninlaw.com/amp/impacts-of- COVID-19-legal-measures-on-widows-in-nigeria

Adekanye, M. (2020, April 13). Reactions as Armed Robbers Raid Parts of Lagos. Guardian. Retrieved from https://m.guardian.ng/life/reactions-as-armed-robbers-raid-parts-of-lagos/

Bank of Industry (2018) Economic development through the Nigerian Informal Sector: A BOI perspective. BOI working

paper series No 2, 17th May, 2018

Chakrabarty, M. (2020). Need for a gender sensitive response to COVID-19. Observer Research Foundation.

Retrieved 19th July 2020. Available on https://www.orfonline.org/expert- speak/need-gender-sensitive-response-covid19-66580/?amp

Civil Society Organizations (2020) Joint memo by civil societies organizations on response to the COVID-19 in Nigeria

Eranga, I.O.E. 2020. COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria: Palliatives measures and the politics of vulnerability. International

Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS, Vol 9(2). PP:2220-222. DOI:10.21106/IJMA.394.


Erezi, D (2019). Ekiti begins public naming, shaming of sexual offenders. Guardian Newspaper, August 16, 2019.


FarmerMoni. About FarmerMoni. Retrieved on June 30th 20202. Available at https://startcredits.com/famermoni/

Hansan, J.E. (2017). What is Social Welfare History. Recollections: Social Welfare Project.Retrieved on 21st July, 2020.

Available on https://socialwelfare.library.vcu.edu/recollecyions/social-welfare-history

Jessica C.Y. and Camron A. (2020) The Shadow Pandemic: Gender-based violence and covid- 19 in Nigeria. Retrieved

July 2020. Available on https://www.theigc.org/blog/the-shadow-pandemic-gender-based-violence-and-COVID-19/

Lopez, C.B. and Bro, A. 2020. A double pandemic: domestic violence in the age of the Covid-19. In Briefs CFR. Council

on Foreign Relations., New York: United States. Retrieved on 21st July, 2020 available on

https://www.cfr.org/in-brief/double-pandemic-domestic- violence-age-COVID-19

McLaren, H.J.,Wong, K.R., Nguyen, K.N. and Mahamadachchi, K.N.D. 2020. COVID-19 and Women’s triple burden:

vignettes from Sri-Lanka, Malaysia, Vietnam and Australia. Social Sciences, 9:87. Doi:10.3390/socsci9050087

NAN (2020, March 19). COVID-19: FG orders Closure of Unity Schools. Guardian. Retrieved from https://m.guardian.ng/news/covid-19-fg-orders-closure-of-unity-schools/

NAN (2020, March 30). COVID-19: Inflation hits prices of food commodities in FCT. Retrieved from https://m.guardian.ng/news/inflation-hits-prices-of-food-commodities-in-fct/

Nigeria Bureau of Statistics (2019) Labour Force Statistics Q4 2018- Q3 2019. Nigerian Bureau of Statistics Publication:


NCDC (2020) National Interim Guidelines for clinical Management of COVID-19. Publication of the Nigeria Centre for

Disease Control, May 2020

Ramos, G. (2020) Women at the core of the fight against COVID-19 crises. OECD Policy Responses to the

Coronavirus (COVID-19). April 2020. Office of the Secretary-General of OECD. Available at:

https://www/oecd.org/coronavirus/policy-responses/women-at- the-core-of-the-fight-against-COVID-19-crises-553a8269/

Otekhile, C.A. and Mathew, O. (2017). An exploratory study of the contribution of the informal sector to economic

activities in Lagos State. 20th International Scientific Conference on Enterprises and Competitive Environment.

Brno, Czech Republic

Oyebade, W. (2020, April 3). COVID-19 to cost Nigeria $760m, 91,380 aviation jobs. Retrieved from https://guardian.ng/business-services/covid-19-to-cost-nigeria-760m-91380-aviation-jobs/

Oyewole, S., Salako, S., Ukoyen, O.E. and Akintola, E. (2020). COVID-19: The impacts on employment in Nigeria

(Q&A). DLA PIPER Series. Retrieved 24th July Available on:

https://www.dlapiperafrica.com/en/nigeria/insights/2020/covid-19-impacts-on- employment-in-nigeria-qa-html

Ozili, P. (2020). Covid-19 pandemic and economic crisis: The Nigerian Experience and structural causes. Electronic copy available at https://ssrn.com/abstract=3567419. Downloaded on 28 May, 2020.

Plan International Report (2020) How will COVID-19 affect the girls and young women? Available on


Rana, A. (2020). COVID-19: impact on female migrant domestic workers in the Middle East. Gender Based Violence

AOR HelpDesk: Research Query

Stoesz, D. (1980). A theory of social welfare. Social Work,34(2):101-107 https://doi.org/10.1093/sw/34.2.101

Sunday, O., Taiwo, I., Olatunji, K. and Aikulola, S. (2020, April 14). Residents agonise as robbery attacks escalate amid lockdown. Retrieved from https://m.guardian.ng/life/ reactions-as-armed-robbers-raid-parts-of-lagos/

TraderMoni. (2020) About TraderMoni. Retrieved on 26th June 2020. Available on https://tradermoni.org/about.html

Umuokoro, E. (May 30, 2020) Amidst COVID-19 Lockdown, Nigeria sees increased sexual and gender violence.

Premium times. Retrieved from https://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/top-news/395296-amidst-COVID-19-lockdown- nigeria-sees-increased-sexual-and-gender-violence.html

United Nations News (June 2020) Conflict-hit Nigeria families living under COVID-19 lockdown. Available on


United Nations (2020). The impacts of COVID-19 on women. Policy Briefs. New York: United States

UNODC (2020) Justice for women amidst COVID-19. UNODC Publications. Supported by UN Women, UNDP, World

Bank, IDLO and the Pathfinders, May 2020

UNAIDS (2020) Six concrete of measures to support women and girls in all diversity in the context of the COVID-19

pandemic. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. Geneva: Switzerland.

Usher, K., Bhullar N., Durkin, J., Gyamfi, N. and Jackson, D. 2020. Family violence and Covid-19: increased

vulnerability and reduced options for support. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing (Epub ahead of

print) , May 7 2020. Doi:10.1111/inm.12735. PMCID: PMC7264607


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.