Cyprien Sikubwabo, André Muhirwa, Philothère Ntawiha




This study sought to investigate the influence of graduate employability on the shrinking of student enrolments in selected private tertiary institutions in Rwanda. This study adopted the correlational research design involving quantitative approach. The study was carried out in 6 selected private tertiary institutions in Rwanda. The study involved a population of 13914 subjects and a sample of 382 participants. The data was collected using a structured questionnaire with 5-point Likert scales. The data was analysed using percentages, frequencies, means, standard deviation and regression analysis. The results of this study revealed that graduate employability has no significant influence on the shrinking of student enrolments in private tertiary institutions in Rwanda. However, it was found that job availability among Rwandan university graduates have significant influence on the shrinking of student enrolments in private tertiary institutions in Rwanda while working conditions among employed Rwandan university graduates have no significant influence on the shrinking of student enrolments in the same institutions. The study recommended that the Ministry of Education should make it mandatory for all private tertiary institutions in Rwanda to offer entrepreneurship related courses and ensure that all the students finish their studies with the knowledge of how to run businesses.



Graduate, employability, predictors, shrinking, student enrolments, private tertiary institutions

Full Text:



Agabi, C.O (2012). Education as an economic investment. International Journal of Scientific Research in

Education (IJSRE), 5(1), 1-11.

Amponsah, E. B. & Onuoha, L.N. (2013). The Performance and challenges of private universities in Ghana and

Nigeria. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 5 (4), 256- 257.

Aydin, O.T. (2015). University Choice Process: A Literature Review on Models and Variables Affecting the Process.

Journal of Higher Education, 5(2):103–111.

Barbu, D.G. (2015). The Relationship between Unemployment related and College Enrolment and Success

Outcomes. (Doctorate dissertation, Florida state University, 2015).

Becker, G.S. (1964). Human capital: a theoretical and empirical analysis, with special reference to education. New

York: Colombia University Press.

Borg, W. R., & Gall, M. D. (2003). Educational Research: An Introduction (5th ed.). New York: Longman.

Clarke, M.A. (2016). How the unemployment related rate in Spain affects university enrolment. (Unpublished

Bachelor's thesis, University of Arkansas, 2016).

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational Research planning and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research.

Boston: Pearson Education Inc.

Freedman, S. W., Weinstein, H.M. Longman, T. (2006). Teaching the history of Rwanda: Participatory approach.

Human Rights centre, University of California: Berkeley.

George, D., & Mallery, P. (2003). SPSS for Windows Step by Step A Simple Guide and Reference. 11.0

Update (4th Edition). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Higher Education Council (HEC, 2019), List of private tertiary Institutions in Rwanda. Retrieved on May 12th 2020,


Hoyt, J. E., & Brown, A. B. (2003). Identifying college choice variables to successfully market your institution.

College and University, 78(4), 3–10.

Kahn, L. (2006). The Long-Term Labour Market Consequences of Graduating from College in A Bad Economy.

Labour Economics, 17, 303-316. Doi 10.1016/j.labeco.2009.09.002.

Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D.W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and

Psychological Measurement, 30, 607-610

Le, T. D., Dobele, A.R., & Robonson L. (2019). Understanding high school students use of choice variables and

word-of-mouth information sources in university selection. Retrieved April 14, 2019, from

MacGregor, K. (21 June 2014). A new university, new international leader, new future. Retrieved from

Marinnge, F. (2006). University and Course Choice: Implications for Positioning

Recruitment and Marketing. International Journal of Educational Management


McKinney, S. N. (2017). Correlation of local unemployment related rates and North Carolina

Community College enrolments. (Doctoral dissertation, Liberty University, 2017).

Ming, J. S. K. (2010). Institutional Variables Influencing Students’ College Choice Decision in Malaysia: A

Conceptual Framework. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 1(3), 53-58.

Ministry of education (2013). Education Sector Strategic Plan 2013/14 –2017/18.Kigali-Rwanda: MINEDUC

Ministry of education (2015). 2014 Education statistical yearbook. Retrieved October 21, 2018

Ministry of Education (2018). Education Statistical 2017. Retrieved October 21, 2018 from

Nate, J. (2015). The Unemployment related -Enrolment Link. Retrieved February 18, 2020, from

Pennington, K. L., McGinty, D., & Williams, M. R. (2002). Community college enrolment as a function of economic

indicators. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 26(5), 431-437.

Rey, F. (2017). FSPSS (Software). In J. P. Matthes, R. Potter, & C. S. Davis (Eds.). International Encyclopaedia

of Communication Research Methods. Wiley Blackwell.

Rivers, H. E. (2010). An analysis of economic variables affecting enrolments in the South Carolina technical college

system and Virginia community college system (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest

Dissertations & Theses Global. (Order No. 3413294).

Robinson, B. (2017). Structural Poverty and College Enrolment: The Impact of Rural American. Determinism.

(Unpublished Doctoral thesis, Bellarmine University, 2017).

Rwamwenge, E. (May 1, 2017). Why are there many jobless graduates in Rwanda? Retrieved on May 15, 2020,


Rwirahira, R. (2017). Private Universities petition over president over closures. Retrieved from

Senyonga, A.B. (June 12, 2013). Demand for higher education keeps growing. The New Times. Retrieved from

Soutar, G. N. & Turner, J. P. (2002). Students’ preferences for university: A conjoint analysis. International Journal

of Educational Management, 16(1), 40 – 45.

Schultz, T. W. (1961). Investment in human capital. The American Economic Review, 51 (1), 1–17.

Strasser, S. E., Ozgur, C., & Schroeder, D. L. (2002). Selecting a business college major: An analysis of criteria

and choice using the analytical hierarchy process. American Journal of Business, 17(2), 47–56.

Tatar, E., & Oktay, M. (2006). Search, choice and persistence for higher education: A case study in Turkey. Eurasia

Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 2(2), 115–129.

Teixeira, P. & Koryakina, T. (2011). Funding reforms and revenue diversification: patterns, challenges and rhetoric.

Studies in Higher Education, 8, 1-18.

The World Bank (2015). Rwanda Employment and Jobs Studies. Washington: Poverty Global Practice for African


Trading Economics (2020). Rwanda Unemployment related Rate. Retrieved on June 3, 2020 from related -rate

Veloutsou, C., Lewis, J.W. & Paton, R.A. (2004). University selection: information requirements and importance.

International Journal of Educational Management, 18(3), 160–171.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.