MILITARY-CONNECTED ADOLESCENT AGGRESSIVE TENDENCY SCALE: DEVELOPMENT, VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY
This study documents the development and validation of a tool to measure aggressive behaviour tendencies among adolescent children of military personnel in Nigeria. Existing scales measuring aggressive behaviour were reviewed and a qualitative study to determine prominent issues relating to aggressive behaviour and its manifestation among this population was conducted. From themes generated, those related to aggressive behaviour were utilised to construct a 28-item aggressive behaviour scale. Among 147 adolescent children of military personnel, a cross-sectional survey was carried out to test the reliability and validity of the scale. Exploratory factor analysis factored the scale into three sub-dimensions (Physical, Verbal and Relational aggression) with items loading from 0.63 to 0.80. Convergent validity was established between the Military-Connected Adolescent Aggressive Tendency scale (MAATS) and the Buss and Perry Aggression questionnaire (r= 0.583, p< .001). While divergent validity was established between the MAATS and Multi-dimensional perceived social support scale (r=0.003, p<.001). The scale yielded an adequate internal consistency of α= 0.862, a Guttmann Split half coefficient of 0.769, Test-retest reliability of 0.78 and Split-half reliability of 0.734 (form a) and 0.757 (form b) with 0.783 as correlation between the forms. The result of the statistical analyses suggests that the MAATS has adequate psychometric properties and is a reliable and valid measure of assessing aggressive behaviour tendencies among adolescents of military personnel.
Achenbach, T. M. (1999). The Child Behavior Checklist and related instruments. In M. E. Maruish (Ed.), The use of psychological testing for treatment planning and outcomes assessment (pp. 429-466). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Aigboje, H.M., & Legbeti, G.O. (2018). Experiences of Military-Connected Children: Perspectives of Mothers, Teachers and Children. African Journal for the Psychological Studies of Social Issues, 21(3), 217-226.
Ben-Arieh, A. (2005). Where are the children? Children’s role in measuring and monitoring their well-being. Social Indices Research, 74, 573-596.
Bushman, B. J., & Huesmann, L. R. (2010). Aggression. In Handbook of Social Psychology (5th Ed., pp. 833-863). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Buss, A.H., & Perry, M. (1992). The Aggression Questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 452-459.
Cortina, J. M. (1993). What is coefficient alpha? An examination of theory and applications. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(1), 98.
Creech, S. K., Hadley, W., & Borsari, B. (2014). The impact of military deployment and reintegration on children and parenting: A systematic review. Professional Psychology, Research and Practice, 45(6), 452–464.
Crow, J.R. & Seybold, A.K. (2013). Discrepancies in military middle-school adolescents' and parents' perceptions of family functioning, social support, anger frequency, and concerns. Journal of Adolescence, 36(1), 1-9.
Decoster, J. (1998). Overview of Factor Analysis. Retrieved (August, 12, 2019) from http://www.stat-help.com/notes.html
Furnham, A. (1986). Response bias, social desirability and dissimulation. Personality and Individual Differences, 7, 385-400.
Gremigni, P., Damásio, B.F., & Borsa, J.C. (2013). Development and validation of a questionnaire to evaluate overt aggression and reactions to peer aggression. Psicologi Reflex Critic, 26, 231-238.
Goodman, R. (1997). The strengths and difficulties questionnaire: a research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 581-596.
Goodman. R. (2001). Psychometric properties of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40 (11), 1337-1345.
Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2006). Multivariate data analysis. Prentice Hall Pearson Education.
Kerlinger, F.N., (1993). Behavioral research: A conceptual approach. Holt Reinhert and Winston Inc. New York.
McCreary, D. R., & Thompson, M. M. (2006). Development of two reliable and valid measures of stressors in policing: The operational and organizational police stress questionnaires. International Journal of Stress Management, 13(4), 494-518.
Orpinas, P., & Frankowski, R. (2001). The Aggression Scale: A Self-Report Measure of Aggressive Behavior for Young Adolescents. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 21, 50-67.
Orthner, D. & Rose, R. (2005). “Adjustment of Army Children to Deployment Separation.” Army Child Deployment Adjustment Report, SAF V Survey Report, 1-9. Retrieved February 2017, from SAF Website: www.mwrbrandcentral.com/images/uploads/SAFVSummarydoc
Smith, P.K., & Shu, S. (2000). What good schools can do about bullying: Findings from a survey in English schools after a decade of research. Childhood, 7, 193-212.
Sunmola, A. M. (2001). Developing a scale for measuring the barriers to condom use in Nigeria. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 79(10), 926–932.
Ternus, M. P. (2010). Support for adolescents who experience parental military deployment. Journal of Adolescent Health, 46(3), 203–206.
World Health Organisation (2002). Help Make Violence Preventable Not Inevitable, World Health Report on Violence and Health, 12.
Zimet, G.D., Dahlem, N.W., Zimet, S.G. & Farley, G.K. (1988). The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52, 30-41.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.