SOCIETAL LEVEL FACTORS AND RECIDIVISM AMONG INMATES IN SELECTED PRISONS IN SOUTH-WESTERN, NIGERIA

ABRIFOR Chiedu Akporaro

Abstract


 



This study assessed the effect of societal level factors on recidivism among inmates in selected prisons in South-Western, Nigeria. This study adopted the descriptive and explorative research designs. Data was gathered using questionnaire survey and Key Informant Interview and was analyzed through quantitative and qualitative methods of triangulation. The sample size for this study was three hundred (300) inmates which comprises of inmates’ from Ilesa, Ondo and Ado Prisons respectively. Selected Key Informants were selected purposively based on their relevant position and daily contact with inmates. The questionnaire survey was used to generate quantitative data while, the Key Informant Interview was used to obtain the qualitative data. The proportionate sampling technique was adopted and 45% proportionate was used in the selection of inmates from each prisons. The study revealed that societal level factors played greater roles in increasing the prevalent rate of recidivism among inmates in Nigerian Prisons. The study also found that there is a strong correlation between societal level factors (such as rejection by family members; societal stigmatization; unemployment; inadequate vocational training; acceptance by criminal peers in the society to mention but a few) and recidivism among inmates in Prisons across South-Western Nigerian. The study concludes that societal level factors played a major role in controlling and contributing to the prevalence of recidivism among inmates in Prisons. The study recommends that government should ensure that adequate sensitisation and orientation of Nigerian citizens and other stake holders on issues of inmates’ rehabilitation, reformation and reintegration into the society. Also, the study recommends that citizens should not stigmatize ex-convicts; provision of employment opportunities; creation of functional and equipped vocational centres across prisons in Nigerian and provision of education up to tertiary institutions should be given to inmates to make them a better citizen after leaving the prisons.

 

 


Keywords


Societal level factors, Prison Inmates, Recidivism, South-Western Nigeria and Nigerian Prisons

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abrifor C.A, Atere A.A, & Muoghalu CO. (2012). Gender differences, trend and pattern of recidivism among inmates in selected Nigeria prisons. European Scientific Journal, , 8(24): 25-44.

Aduba, J. N. (1995). A penological note on the prisons in Plateau State of Nigeria. Lawyers Bi- Annual, 2(No 2).

Ascani, N. (2011). Labeling Theory and the Effects of Sanctioning on Delinquent Peer Association: A New Approach to Sentencing Juveniles. London: London press.

Benda (2005). Gender Differences in Life-Course Theory of Recidivism: A Survival Analysis. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 49, (No.3), Pp. 325-342.

Deschenes, E.P., Owen, B., & Crow, J. (2006). Final Report: Recidivism among Female Prisoners: Secondary Analysis of the 1994 BJS Recidivism Data Set. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice.

Hassin, Y. (1986). Two models for predicting recidivism: Clinical versus statistical—Another view [Electronic version]. . British Journal of Criminology, 26(3),270-280.

Igbo, E. U., & Ugwuoke, C. U. (2003). Recidivism in Enugu state prison. Nigeria Journal of Research and Production (NIJOREP), 3, 33-34.

Law, M., (2004). Federally Sentenced Women in the Community: Dynamic risk Predictors. Forum on Corrections Research, 16, 18-20.

Lisa Thompson & Spencer Chainey. (2013). ntegrating Environmental Considerations into Prisoner Risk Assessments . European Journal of Probation University of Bulcharest, 66-80.

National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals, (1973). Corrections Vol.

Oruta, E. M. (2016). Socio-economic factors that affect recidivism in Kakamega county,Kenya. Journal of law policy and globalization, 117-125.

Osayi, K. K. (2013). Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting Reintegration of Discharged Prisoners in Anambra State,South-East, Nigeria. Meditarenean Journal of social sciences, 775-780.

Soyombo, O. (2009). Sociology and crime control: That we may live in peace. An Inaugural lecture delievered at The University of Lagos Press.

Ugwuoke, K. A. (2015). An Aetiological Study of Criminal Recidivism in Nigeria. Journal forStudies in Management and Planning, 1(11), 1-13.

Ugwuoke, K. A., & Otodo, I. (2015). Repositioning Nigerian prisons for sustainable national Development. Journal of studies in Management and Planning, Vol. 1(8), 283-294.

Verbrugge, P., Nunes, K., Johnson, S. & Taylor, K., (2002). Predictors of Revocation of Conditional release among Substance Abusing Women Offenders. Ottawa, Ontario: Correctional Service of Canada.

Wilson, H. (2009). Curbing Recidivism in our society.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.