Oluyemisi Bamidele SANNI


Despite potentials of adopting vocational education as a strategy to empower Nigerian youths and the persistent increasing youth unemployment in the country, inadequate studies on the challenges of providing vocational education for youths in Nigeria has not been given adequate attention in the literature.  With the aid of existing literature and secondary data, the paper identified two major avenues for vocational education in the country:  formal education system, and adult and non-formal education system. Challenges of providing vocational education via formal education system include: absence of government’s political will; prevailing perceived ‘inferiority’ of vocational education; inadequate qualified staff; inadequate equipment, materials etc. Challenges of adopting adult and non-formal education approach include political interference in the location, distribution, staffing, equipping and managing these centres.  Strategies were proposed to address the identified challenges.



Vocational education, Adult and non-formal education, Unemployment, Empowerment.

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