THE ROLE OF SELF-EFFICACY, POSITIVE THINKING AND OPTIMISM ON QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG HIV PATIENT IN UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL (UCH) AND ADEOYO MATERNITY HOSPITAL IN IBADAN.
Quality of Life of HIV patients has not only been recognized as a health problem, but a development challenge, throughout the world with Nigeria on the alarming rate. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of role of self-efficacy, positive thinking and optimism on quality of life among HIV patient in university college hospital (UCH) and Adeoyo maternity hospital in Ibadan. This study adopted an ex-post facto design. A total number of one hundred and fifty one (151) participants were selected by the researcher using purposive sampling technique. A structured questionnaire consisted of demographics and scales were used to collect data in this study. Five hypotheses were formulated and tested using bi-variate and multi-variate statistical techniques. The result showed that, there was joint effect of 58% of Self-Efficacy, Positive Thinking, and Optimism on quality of life (F(3,151)=24.99, R=.58, R²=.32, P<.05). There was significance differences in Self Efficacy of Low and High respondents (t(149)=-7.94, p<.05), on dating relationship. There is no significant differences between Patients with High Positive and Low Positive Thinking on dating relationship (t(147)= -.50, p>.05), There is also no significant differences between Patients with High optimism and Low optimism on dating relationship (t(149)=.35, p>.05), Gender, Age, Religion, Educational Qualification and Marital Status jointly predict Quality of life. (F(5, 151) =4.11, R=.35, R2=.12, p<.05).furthermore, Age (B= -.40, β = -.16, t= -1.92, p< .05), and gender (B= -12.35, β = -.32, t= -4.00, p< .05) independently predict Quality of Life while Religion (B= .10, β = .14, t= 1.77, p> .05), Educational Qualification (B= 1.12, β = .06, t= .73, p> .05), and Marital Status (B= 2.29, β = .10, t= 1.21, p> .05), did not independently predict quality of life. It was concluded in this study that there was significant role of self-efficacy, positive thinking and optimism on quality of life, hence it is highly recommended that health psychologists, and social workers need to mount intervention programmes designed to enhance self-efficacy which in the long run affect positive thinking, optimism of patient with HIV so as to achieve a healthy quality of life.
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