TRANSPORTING THE PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED IN BENIN-CITY, NIGERIA

OMIRIN, Josiah Olayide, OJEKERE Stanley

Abstract


The study investigated the role of public transport in meeting the transport needs of the physically challenged persons in Benin City. It examined the trip patterns and accessibility barriers encountered by these specialized group of people in the use of existing public road transport infrastructure and services. The concept of transport equity was used to anchor the study. Data for the study were obtained from primary and secondary sources and a snowball sampling technique was used to approach 157 crippled and 69 blind respondents in three core Local Government Areas of Benin City. Data obtained were quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed using Pearson Product. Moment correlation to test the hypothesis of the study at 0.01% significance level. Findings based on the perception of the physically challenged (crippled and blind) respectively, revealed a gross transport disequity in the areas of infrastructure design.(bad roads,64.3% and 84.1%), and service accessibility(poor terminal facilities,91% and 90%);unaffordable transport fares administration,(63% and 57%); prolonged waiting time at bus-stops and unfriendly attitude of public road transport staff among other factors. The study advocated the protection of the rights of the physically challenged to unhindered mobility by the removal of accessibility barriers both physically and structurally. It also recommended a more humane treatment from the transport service staffers.


Keywords


Accessibility barriers, transport equity, transport infrastructure, physically challenged people

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agunloye O.O. (2011) Analysis of the Travels of Public Transport Passengers in Ikorodu, Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, . 4(7), 444.

Akanbi,B. Bamidele,A. Dunni A. (2013) Transport Infrastructure Improvement and Economic Growth in Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention. 2(3), 26-31.

Basorun, J.O and Rotowa, O.O (2012) Regional Assessment of Public Transport Operation in Nigeria Cities: The Case of Lagos Island. International Journal of Developing Societies,.1(2), .82

Broach S, Camgoz, S. Heather, C. Owen G. Potter, D. and Prior, A (2003) Austin Rights in Reality: How People with Autism Spectrum Disorders and their Families are still missing out on their rights. London. The National Autistic Society.

Campion, J. Greenhalgh, C and Knight, J (2003) Mind the Gap: Social Exclusion Report, 2003, London. Leonard Chesire Consumers Association. Public Transport and Disabled People. 347-350

DPTAC (2002) Attitudes of Disabled People to Public Transport: Research Study conducted for Disabled Person Transport Advisory Committee. London DPTAC.

Fletcher A and Hurst, R. (1995) Overcoming Obstacles to the Integration of Disabled People, London: Disability Awareness in Action.

Gallon, C.A. (2000) “Disabled People and their use of Transport: The Relative Importance of different factors and their implications for Policy”, Ph.D Thesis, London: Cransfield University.

Grewal, I. Joy, s. Lewis, J. Swales, K and Woodfield, K (2002) ‘Disabled for Life: attitudes towards and experiences of, disability in Great Britain. Research Report 173. London:Department for work and Pensions.

Karst, T.G and Bert, V.W. (2004) Accessibility Evaluation of Land-use and Transport Strategies: Netherlands

Environmental Assessment Agency National Institute of Public Health and the Environment. Journal of Transport Geography,12, 128-141. Bilthoven, Netherland.

Krumholz, N.A. (1982) Retrogressive View of Equity Planning: Cleveland 1969-1979 Journal of the American Planning Association 48(2): 163-174.

Litman, T and Brenman, M (2012) “A New Social Equity, Agenda for Sustainable Transportation, Paper 12-3916”. Proceedings from Transportation Research Broad Annual Meeting. www.trb.org.

Litman, T. (2014) “Evaluating Transport Equity: Guidance for Incorporating Distributional Impacts in

Transportational Planning”. Victoria Transportation Policy Institute, USA pp 3-4.

Lavery, I. Knox, J. and Slevin, E (1997) ‘Leaving Disabled People - The forgotten passengers’ Public Transport Planning and Operations, 416, 141-152.

Mc Kee, C. (2010) “A Market-based Approach to Inclusive Mobility. Paper delivered at the 12th International

Conference on Mobility and Transport for the Elderly and Disabled Persons (TRANSED) 2010), 2-4 June, Hong Kong.

Ndinda, M.H. (2005) “Integrating the Physically Disabled Children into Regular Schools in Kenya. A case study of Machakes District. “Unpublished Ph.D Thesis, University of Oshabruck. Germany.

Odufuwa, O.B, (2007) Towards Sustainable Public Transport for Disabled People in Nigeria Cities. Journal of Kamala-Raj, 1 (2), 93-101

Ogwude, I.C.(2011) Transport Infrastructure and Mobility in Nigeria. JORIND Journal, 9, 456-457.

Okoko, E. (2006) Urban Transportation Planning and Modeling. Millennium Publishers, Akure.

RN IB (1999) Rights of Way: Transport and Mobility for Visually Impaired People in the U.K,London. Royal Institute for the Blind.

Smith, N. (2007) The Face of Disability in Nigeria: A Disability Survey in Kogi and Niger State. Journal of Disability and Inclusive Development. 22, 1-12.

Venter C, Savill, T, Ricket, T. Bogopane, H. Venkatesh, A. Camba, J Mulkita, J, Maunder. D. (2002). Enhanced Accesibliity for Persons with Disabilities Living in Urban Areas. PR/INT/248/02.

Vinter, C.J. Rickert, T and Maunder D. (2003) “From basic Rights to Full Access”. Paper presented at Transportation Board Annual Conference, Washington, D.C, U.S.A.

World Bank, (2006) Cities On The Move: A World Bank Urban Transportation Strategy Review. Washington D.C United Front Publishers.

Zou, W., Zhang, F, Zhuang, Z. and Song, H. (2008) Transport Infrastructure, Growth and Poverty Alleviation:

Empirical Analysis of China, Annals of Economics and Finance 9 (2), 345-371.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.