REPRESENTATIVE BUREAUCRACY IN NIGERIA; FROM FEDERAL CHARACTER PRINCIPLE TO POLITICAL CLIENTELISM

Yagboyaju D, OYEWO Oyekunle OLUSEYE

Abstract


The study examined public bureaucracy in a polyglot Nigeria with the view to appraising the efficacy of the Federal Character Principle through a descriptive but analytical approach. It noted that the infusion of ethnic sentiment into the nation’s public service does not support its expected roles as agent of socio-economic development in the country and that the federal character principle does not, in practice, address the challenges of representation in the country. Rather, it supports a clientele arrangement in which a patron sponsors individuals into public offices in attempt to preserve and perpetuate his political relevance. The study recommends a reform of federal character principle to enthrone a regime of merit and equity in the nation’s public service. 


Keywords


Bureaucracy, Representative Bureaucracy, Clientelism.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abati, R. (2016): Nigeria’s Federal Character and Its Discontent THE NEWS Newspapers, January 31, 2016.

Abubakar, D. (1998): “The Federal Character Principle, Consociationalism and Democratic Stability in Nigeria” in Amuwo et al (eds.) Federalism and Restructuring in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd.

Adebo, S. O. (1979): Personal Profile Quarterly Journal of Administration. .XIII (3 and 4), 189.

Afigbo, A. (1987): “Federal Character; Its Meaning and History” Quoted in I. Ukwu. NIPSS Conference Proceeding.

Afigboh, A. E. and Uya, O. E. (2000): “The Evolution of Nigeria (1949-1060)”. In Ajaegbu, H. I. (eds.) Nigeria: A People United, A Future Assured. Vol. 1. A Compedium. Abuja: Federal Ministry of Information

Ajayi, K. and Adeniji, A. (2009): Access to University Education In Nigeria. In B. G. Nworgu and E.I. Eke. (eds), Access, Quality and Cost in Nigerian Education (Pp.35-60). Published Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Congress of the Nigeria Academy of Education.

Ayeni, J. (2007): Perspectives and Reflections on Nigerian Civil Service Reforms. Lagos: Cayens Printers.

Ayoade, J.A. (2010): Nigeria: Positive Pessimism and Negative Optimism, Valedictory Lecture, Faculty of the Social Sciences, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, September 17.

Blau, P. M. and Mayer, M. W. (1987): Bureaucracy in Modern Society. New York: McGraw-Hill Inc. Ltd.

Ekeh, P. P. (1989): “The Structure and Meaning of Federal Character in Nigerian Political System.” In Ekeh, P.P. and Osaghae, E.E. (eds.) Federal Character and Federalism In Nigeria. Ibadan: Heineman Educational Books. Pp.19 - 44

Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999): The Constitution, Section 14(3). Lagos, Government Printers.

Forrest, T. (1993): Politics and Economic Development in Nigeria. West View Press: Boulder-Colorado.

Graham, R. (1997): Clientelism on a Cultural Political Brasileira. Tomaládácá, Braudel Center Papers No. 15

Kingsley, D. (1944): Representative Bureaucracy: An Interpretation of the British Civil Service. Yellow Springs: Antioch Press

Krislov, S. (1974): Representative Bureaucracy. New Jersey: Englewood Cliffs.

Maduabum, C. (2008): The Mechanics of Public Administration in Nigeria. Concept Publications: Lagos.

Medard, J. (1992): ‘The big man’ in Africa: An Analysis of Political Entrepreneur, the Sociology of Development: Bilan and Perspectives. 167 - 192

Ojo, E. O. (2009): “Federalism and the search for national integration in Nigeria”. African Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 3 (9), 384-395.

Ogundiya, I. S. (2009): Political Corruption in Nigeria: Theoretical Perspectives and Some Explanations. Retrieved online

Olaopa, T. (2012): Nigerian Public Service and Udoji Reform: A Review The Daily Trust Newspaper, April 10. 56.

Otite, O. (1990): Ethnic Plurality and Ethnicity Plurality in Nigeria. Shaneson: Ibadan.

Ouwuejeogwu, M. A. (1987): “Indigenous Socio-Economic and Political Organizations and their Relevance to Development in Contemporary Nigeria”, Paper Presented at the Annual Conference of the Nigerian Anthropological and Sociological Association on Strategies of Authentic Development in Nigeria, University of Ilorin, Nov. 30 to Dec.2.

Palmer, B. J. (1989) Motivating the Nigerian Worker- A Study of Two Public Sector Organisations, Journal of Managerial Psychology, 4(2), 24 - 31

Report: Presidential Committee on Rationalization and Restructuring of Federal Government Parastatals, Commissions and Agencies. www.nigeriagovernance.org. (2012).

Report: Visitation Panel of the Polytechnic Ibadan (1999)

Riggs, F. W. (1964): Administration in Developing Countries: the Theory of Prismatic Society. Bloomington: Indiana.

Seteolu, D. (2005): Historical Trajectories of Elections in Nigeria. The State, Political Elite and Electoral Politics. In Godwin O. and Abubakar M. (eds.): Elections and Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria. Lagos: Triad Associates, pp. 34-42.

Van Riper, P.P. (1958): History of the United States Civil Service. White Plains. New York: Row Peterson

Weber, M. (1946): Essays in Sociology (Translated by H. N. Gerth and C.W. Mills). New York: Oxford University Press.

Wikipedia, Online Encyclopedia (2017)

Yagboyaju, D. A. (2014): Nigeria and the Political Economy of Underdevelopment: Focus on Selected Issues, African Journal of Sustainable Development, 4(1),,17 - 44.

Yagboyaju, D. A. (2010): The State and Governance Crisis In Nigeria: A Comparative Approach. College Press and Publishers: Ibadan.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.