The occurrence of road traffic accidents and severe crash injuries involving commercial motorcyclist has risen significantly in recent times in Nigeria. Human factors, vehicular conditions and the state of Nigerian  roads  are  some  of  the  reasons  that  have  been  adduced  for  this  increase. Therefore this study examines alcohol use and locus of control as predictors of accident proneness among commercial motorcycle riders in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Cross-sectional research design was utilized. One hundred and fifty-three commercial motorcycle riders were accidentally sampled at motorcycle parks in Abeokuta. A structured questionnaire which focused on alcohol use scale, locus of control scale and accident proneness was administered to each respondent.  T-test for independent samples and multiple regressions, were used at p≤0.05, The results revealed that alcohol use predicted accident proneness (151)=4.134). Participants with external locus of control are more prone to accident t(151) = 2.271). There was joint influence of demographic variables on accident proneness [R = .295. R2 = 0.87; F (4,148) = 3.22]. Alcohol use and locus of control were important in accident proneness. There is need for psycho-educational talk on risk of alcohol consumption and frequent personality assessment among motorcycle riders.  


Abdul, R. (2003). The neglected epidemic: road traffic injuries in developing countries. Bio Medical Journal 324: 1139-41.

Avistides, I. F. Bius F. Martinez M & Adelina G (2009) Risky behavior, personality traits and road accidents among university students. European Journal of Education and Psychology; 2: 2; 79-98

Blomberg, Raymond, Peck, Moskowitz, Burns & Fiorentino, 2005. Alcohol no ordinary commodity: Research and public policy. New York: Oxford University 0Press.

British Journal on education, 2012. Motor vehicle trauma: Analysis of injury profiles by road-user category. Emerging Medical Journal 3: 27-31.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011). Fact sheets: Alcohol use and health., 2011

Connolly J. (1981) Accident proneness. British Journal of Hospital Medicine. 26(5); 470-

Dan Petersen (2012_. Possible causes of motorcycle (okada) accidents in Karu, Nigeria. Injury Prevention 2010; 16: A88.

Delaware Technical College, 2004) A Profile of fatal injuries in South Africa: National Injury Mortality Surveillance System 2002. Medical Research Council: Cape Town, 2003.

Doweiko H.E (1996). National fatal injury profile. In R. Matzopoulos (Ed.), Fatal injuries on South Africa: Fifth annual report 2003 of the national injury mortality surveillance system. Cape Town: Medical Research Council.

Jellinek E.M (1952).. (2002) A structural equation model of the effect of poverty and unemployment on alcohol abuse. Addictive Behaviors, 27: 405-423, 2002.

Ekere, A.U & Ibeanusi, S (2003). Census figures Motorcycle injuries in north-central Nigeria. Orient Journal of Medicine 4:186-9

Eluwa, M Wonwu, V. Ekong, M Ekanem,T & Akpantah A (2009) Disposition of Fractures And Dislocations Among Road Accident Victims In Rivers And Bayelsa States Of Nigeria From 1992-2005. Internet Journal of Epidemiology; 8:1

Encyclopaedia Britannica (2014) Crush characteristics and pattern of injury among hospitalized motorized two wheeled vehicles users in urban India. BMC Public Health 9:11-20.

Enobakhar, A & Ehikhamenor, V (2011) The influence of responsible Drinking TV Spots and Automobile Commercials on Young Drivers. Washington, DC: Automobile association of America Foundation for traffic Safety, 1992.

Etukumana A., Onumbu L.C., John I & Valenti, M (2010). Injuries associated with motorcycle accidents. Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica 42,106-111.

European Union, Road Safety knowledge base, 2012 Department for Transport, In Depth Study of Motorcycle Accidents (2004). Road Safety Research Report No54 London,

Fact sheet, (2012) Motorcyclists jittery as Lagos introduces tricycles. The Guardian Tuesday Oct 14 pg 14.

Gboyega, A.O (2012).The fight against Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Fact File, Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education (FARE)

Gfroerer J., Wright D & Kopstein A (1997). Prevalence of youth substance use: the impact of methodological differences between two national surveys. Drug Alcohol Dependence. 7: 19-30.

Hargreaves J.R 2002. Socioeconomic status and risk of HIV infection in an urban population in Kenya. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 7(9), 79 Doweiko 19963-802.

Holland, C. N., Geraghaty J & Shah K (2010). Differential moderating effect of locus of control on effect of driving experience in young male and female drivers. Personality and Individual Differences; 48(7): 821-826

Jhingan H. P.,Shyangwa, P.,Sharma, A., Prasad K.M & Khandelwa; S. K (2003) Prevalence of alcohol dependence in a town in Nepal as assessed by the CAGE questionnaire. Addiction, 98: 339-343.

Johnson, K (2012). The Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire: an instrument for the assessment of adolescent and adult alcohol expectancies. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 48(5), 483-491.

Kareem A (2003).Review of global menace of road accidents with special to reference to Malaysia: A social perspective. Malaysian Journal of Medical Science:31-39.

Levenson. H. (1973). Multidimensional locus of control in psychiatric patients. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 41, 397-404.

Miller W, 1997. Vehicular road deaths in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria: A referral Centre‟s experience. Orient Journal of Medicine,; 15: 41-44.

Naddumba E.K. (2004) A cross sectional retrospective study of boda boda injuries at Mulago Hospital in Kampala, Uganda. East and Central African Journal of Surgery 9,44-47.

Ngim N.E & Udosen A.M (2007) Commercial motorcyclists: Do they care about road safety? Nigeria Medical Practicioner. 51(8); 111-113

National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health, (2004). Pattern of motorcycle accident associated injuries in Port Harcourt. A hospital study. Orient Journal of Medicine. 15: 36-40.

Nzegwu M.A, Aligbe J.U, Banjo A.A.F, Akhiwui A, & Nzegwu C.O (2008). Patterns of morbidity and mortality amongst motorcycle riders and their passengers in Benin-city Nigeria: One-year review. Annual African Medicine 7 82-5

Ofonime, E. J. Prevalence and Pattern of Road Traffic Accidents among Commercial Motorcyclist in a City in Southern Nigeria. Education. Research. Journal. ; 3(6): 537-542

Rotgers, Kern, and Hoeltzel, R (2002). Township crime plan bears fruit. The Star. 17/3/01 Mphi, M.. Female alcoholism in Lesotho Addiction 89: 945-949, 1994

Rotter, J (1965). Injuries from motorcycles and moped crashes in Sweden from 1987 to 1999. Injury Control Safety Promotion 0:131-8.

Salako,A. Abiodun, O & Sholeye O (2013) Risk behaviors for road traffic accidents and severe crash injuries among commercial motorcyclists in Sagamu, South West, Nigeria. Online Journal of Medicine and Medical Science Research; 2: 2; 19-23

Saunders O. B., Aasland O.G., Babor, T.F.,Delafuente, J & Grant M (1983) Development of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT): WHO Collaborative Project on Early Detection of Persons with Harmful Alcohol Consumption-II Addiction.88; 6:791-804

Solagberu,& Yalniz E (2006) Possible Causes of Motorcycle (Okada) Accidents in Karu, Nigeria .Injury Prevention. 16(Suppl. 1),A88

The World Health Organization (2004) Pattern of motorcycle associated injuries -A Hospital Based study. Orient Journal of Medicine Volume 16: 36-40