PERCEPTION OF CHILD OBESITY AMONG THE ELITES IN BODIJA, IBADAN, NIGERIA

Femi O OMOLOLU, Similoluwa ADEMOKUN

Abstract


 

 

Child obesity is on the rise globally and evidence suggests that this upward trend has continued into the 21st century.  Genetic, dietary and/or physical activity patterns are important factors explaining why increasing number of children and adolescents are becoming obese. Evidence also suggests that social class position may be important in understanding the upsurge in its occurrence. In Nigeria, information on parents’ perception of the obese status of their children is still inadequate. There is also a dearth of information on perceived causes and effect of child obesity among Nigerian elites. This article discusses knowledge of the etiology of child obesity among the elites, awareness of therapeutic measures, efficacy of adopted measures and assumed solutions. Utilizing both descriptive and survey research design, 180 high status residents in Bodija, Ibadan, were recruited as respondents through systematic random sampling techniques. Using purposive sampling, additional information on child obesity was obtained from ten medical and health service providers in the area. Research instruments comprised of questionnaires and unstructured interview guides. Results revealed that although respondents were generally aware of obesity and child obesity, and were generally conversant with its etiology, they were not unduly worried about the consequences of obesity although they recognized its possible harmful health outcomes. The article recommends for more educational and preventive social policies to encourage positive nutritional and recreational habits.

 

 


Keywords


Obesity, Elites, Perception, lifestyle, Prevention

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akinpelu, A.O., Akinola, O.T, and Gbiri, C.A. (2009). Adiposity and Quality of Life: A Case Study from an Urban Center in Nigeria. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behaviour, 1(5), 347-352.

Akinpelu, A.O., Oyewole, O.O. and Oritogun, K.S. (2008). Overweight and Obesity: Does It Occur In Nigerian Adolescents in an Urban Community? International Journal of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 1. (March 31).

Aktas Arnas Y. (2006). The Effects of Television Food Advertisement on Children’s Food Purchasing Requests. Pediatric International, 48: 138-45.

Aycan, Z. (2009). Obesity in Childhood: Definition and Epidemiology. Journal of Clinical Research on Pediatric Endocrinology, (Suppl. 1):44–53.

Booth, M.L., Chey, T., Wake, M., Norton, K., Hesketh, K., Dollman, J. and Robertson, I. (2003). Change in the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Young Australians, 1969–1997. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 77:29–36.

Bray, G.A. and Bellanger, T. (2006). Epidemiology: Trends, and Morbidities of Obesity and the Metabolic Syndrome, Endocrine, 29:109-117.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2012). Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2010. Vital and Health Statistics, 10(252).

Chinn, S. and Rona, R.J. (2001). Prevalence and Trends in Overweight and Obesity in three cross sectional Studies of British Children, 1974–1994. British Medical Journal, 322: 24–26.

Cole, T.J. (2006). Early Causes of Childhood Obesity and Implications for Prevention, accessed at http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/14548/1/14548.pdf on 12/03/2013

Cole, T.J., Bellizi, M.C., Flegal, K.M. and Diete, D.H. (2000). Establishing a Standard Definition for Child Overweight and Obesity worldwide: International survey. British Medical Journal, 320: 1240-1243.

de Onis, M. and Blossner, M. (2000). Prevalence and Trends of Overweight among Preschool Children in Developing Countries. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72: 1032–1039.

Dietz, W.H. (1998), Health Consequences of Obesity in Youth: Childhood Predictors of Adult Disease. Pediatrics, 101 (3 Pt. 2).

Falase, A.O. and Akinkugbe, O.O. (2003). Classification of Obesity. A Compendium of Clinical Medicine. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Limited.

Han, J., Lawlor D. and Kimm, S.Y. (2010). Childhood Obesity, Lancet, 375 (9727): 1737–1748.

Janssen, I, Katzmarzyk, P.T. Boyce, W.F., Vereecken, C., Mulvihill, C., Roberts, C., Currie, and C., Pickett, W. (2005). Comparison of Overweight and Obesity Prevalence in School-aged Youths from 34 Countries and their Relationships with Physical Activity and Dietary Patterns. Obesity Reviews, 6: 123-132.

Kautiainen, S., Rimpela, A., Vikat, A. and Virtanen, S.M. (2002). Secular Trends in Overweight and Obesity among Finnish Adolescents in 1977–1999. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, 26: 544–552.

Kimm, S.Y. and Obarzanek, E. (2002), Childhood Obesity: A New Pandemic of the New Millennium. Pediatrics, 110 (5): 1003–7.

Lissau, I., Overpeck, M.D., Ruan, W.J., Due, P., Holstein, B.E. and Hediger, M.L. (2004). Body Mass Index and Overweight in Adolescents in 13 European Countries, Israel, and the United States. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 158: 27–33.

Lobstein, T. and Frelut, M.L. (2003). Prevalence of Overweight among Children in Europe. Obesity Reviews, 4: 195–200.

Maffeis, C. and Tato, L. (2001). Long-term Effects of Childhood Obesity on Morbidity and Mortality. Hormone Research, 55: 42–45.

Marjolein K., van der Wouden, J.C., Schellevis, F.G., L.W.A., van Suijlekom-Smit and Koes, B.W. (2009). Musculoskeletal Problems in Overweight and Obese Children. Annals of Family Medicine, Vol. 7, No. 4 (July/August).

Must A. (2003). Does Overweight in Childhood have an Impact on Adult Health?. Nutrition Review, 61: 139–142.

National Institutes of Health. (2012). Overweight and Obesity Statistics, NIH Publication No. 04–4158 Updated October 2012

Ogden, C.L., Carroll, M.D., Curtin, L.R., McDowell, M.A., Tabak, C.J. and Flegal, K.M. (2006). Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in the United States, 1999-2004. Journal of American Medical Association, 295:1549-1555.

Ogden, C.L., Flegal, K.M., Carroll, M.D. and Johnson, C.L. (2002). Prevalence and Trends in Overweight among US Children and Adolescents, 1999–2000. Journal of American Medical Association, 288: 1728–1732.

Power, C., Lake, J.K. and Cole, T.J. (1997). Measurement and Long-term Health Risks of Child and Adolescent Fatness. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, 21: 507–526.

Reilly, J.J. (2005). Descriptive Epidemiology and Health Consequences of Childhood Obesity. Best Practice Research in Clinical Endocrinological Metabolism, 19:327-341.

Reilly, J.J., Methven, E., McDowell, Z.C., Hacking, B., Alexander, D., Stewart, L. and Kelnar, C.J. (2003). Health Consequences of Obesity. Archive of Disease in Childhood, 88: 748–752.

Reinehr, T. and Wabitsch, M. (2011). Childhood Obesity. Current Opinion in Lipidology, 22 (1): 21–25.

Rivera, J.A., Barquera S., Campirano F., Campos I, Safdie M. and Tovar V. (2002). Epidemiological and Nutritional Transition in Mexico: Rapid Increase of Non-Communicable Chronic Diseases and Obesity. Public Health Nutrition, 5: 113–122.

Rosenbaum, M., Leibel, R. and Hirsch, J. (1997). Obesity. New England Journal of Medicine, 337: 396-407.

Sebanjo, I.O. and Oshikoya, K.A. (2012). Obesity and Blood Pressure levels of Adolescents in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Cardiovasc Journal Africa, 23: 260-264.

Singh, A.S., Mulder, C., Twisk, J.W.R., van Mechelen, W. and Chinapaw, M.J.M. (2008). Tracking of Childhood Overweight into Adulthood: a Systematic Review of the Literature. Obesity Reviews, Vol. 9, 474–488.

Strauss, R.S. and Pollack, H.A. (2001). Epidemic Increase in Childhood Overweight, 1986–1998. Journal of American Medical Association, 286: 2845–2848.

Tremblay, M.S., Katzmarzyk, P.T. and Willms, J.D. (2002). Temporal Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Canada, 1981–1996. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, 26: 538–543.

Whitaker, R.C., Wright, J.A., Pepe, M.S., Seidel, K.D. and Dietz, W.H. (1997). Predicting Obesity in Young Adulthood from Childhood and Parental Obesity. New England Journal of Medicine, 337: 869–873.

World Health Organization (WHO, 2013). Overweight and Obesity; Fact Sheet No. 311. (Updated in March), WHO: Geneva accessed at http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/ on 14/03/2013.

World Health Organization (WHO, 1998). Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. Report of a WHO Consultation on Obesity, WHO: Geneva.

Yusuf, S. M., Mijinyawa, M.S., Musa, B.M., Gezawa, I.D. and Uloko,A.E. (2013. Overweight and Obesity among Adolescents in Kano, Nigeria. Journal of Metabolic Syndrome, 2:126.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.