In Nigeria, few studies have focused on the relationship between male partner controlling behaviour and contraceptive use. This study examines the influence of male controlling behaviour on contraceptive use among women in Nigeria. Data was extracted from the 2008 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS). The STATA Data Analysis software was used to analyse the data. Chi-square and binary logistic regression were used to examine the relationship between male controlling behaviour and contraceptive use. Results show: 18.3% contraceptive prevalence among the women; and 51.6% of the women had experienced partner’s being jealous if they were talking with other men. Results of the logistic regression among others show that: women whose partner’s were jealous if talking with other men were 26.2% less likely to use contraceptive (OR = 0.7375, p<0.01); and women accused of unfaithfulness by their partners were 6.4% less likely to use contraceptive (OR = 0.9360, p>0.05). The study suggested the need for a special strategy targeting behaviour change among men in intimate relationships in the country.





Male partner; contraceptives; controlling behaviour; violence

Full Text:



Abama, E., and Kwaja, C. M. A. (2009). Violence Against Women in Nigeria: How the Millennium Development

Goals Addresses the Challenge. Journal of Pan African Studies, 3(3), 23-34.

Antai, D. (2011). Controlling behaviour, power relations within intimate relationships and intimate partner

physical and sexual violence against women in Nigeria. BMC Public Health, 11:511., retrieved June 25th, 2013.

Ashimolowo, O. R. and Otufale, G. A. (2012). Assessment of Domestic Violence among Women in Ogun State,

Nigeria. Greener Journal of Social Sciences, 2(3), 102-114.

Esere, M. O., Adeyemi, I. I., Durosaro, I. A., and Omotosho, J. A. (2009). Causes and consequences of intimate

partner rape and violence: Experiences of victims in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of AIDS and HIV Research,

(1), 1-7.

Federal Ministry of Health (2012). Status of Family Planning in Nigeria. Abuja, Nigeria: Family Health

Department, Federal Ministry of Health.

Heise, L., Ellsberg, M., and Gottemoeller, M. (1999). Ending Violence Against Women, Population Reports,

L(11), Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Population Information Program.

Heise, L., and Garcia-Moreno, C. (2002). Violence by intimate partners. In: Krug, E. G. et al., eds. World Report

on Violence and Health. World Health Organization, Geneva, 87– 121.

Hindin, M. J., Kishor, S., and Ansara, D. L (2008). Intimate Partner Violence and Couples in 10 DHS Countries:

Predictors and Health Outcomes. DHS Analytical Studies, No. 18. Macro International Inc, Calverton, MD


Kishor, S., and Bradley, S. E. K. (2012). Women’s and Men’s Experience of Spousal Violence in Two African

Countries: Does Gender Matter? DHS Analytical Studies, No. 27. ICF International, Calverton, MD USA.

Inokoba, P. K. (2011). Violence Against Women: Why Men and Women should Unite. Journal of Sociology and

Social Anthropology, 2(!), 53-59.

Mouzos, J., and Makkai, T. (2004). Women’s Experiences of Male Violence: Findings from the Australian

component of the International Violence against Women Survey (IVAWS). Research and public policy,

Series No 56. Australian Institute of Criminology, Canberra.

National Population Commission & ICF Macro (2009). Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2008. Abuja,

Nigeria: National Population Commission and ICF Macro.

Nigerian Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (2012). Investing in Family Planning/Childbirth Spacing Will Save Lives and Promote National Development: Fact Sheet. Abuja, Nigeria: NURHI.

Omideyi, A. K., and Omoyeni, S. T. (2011). Gender-Based Violence and Family Planning Practice in Nigeria:

An exploration of the linkages between intimate partner violence and contraceptive use among ever married

women., retrieved June 25th, 2013.

Tuladhar, S., Khanal, K. R., Lila, K. C., Ghimire, P. K., and Onta, K. (2013). Women’s Empowerment and

Spousal Violence in Relation to Health Outcomes in Nepal: Further analysis of the 2011 Nepal Demographic

and Health Survey. Calverton, Maryland, USA: Nepal Ministry of Health and Population, New ERA, and ICF


United Nations Fund for Women (2007). Say No to Violence against Women. htpp://, retrieved

October 26, 2013.

United Nations (2011). Violence against Women. UN Department of Public Information. en.pdf, retrieved June

th, 2013.

United Nations Fund for Population Activities (2012). Achieving Universal Access to Reproductive Health

Services in Nigeria. Abuja, Nigeria: UNFPA.

Uwameiye, B. E., and Iserameiya, F. E. (2013). Gender Based Violence against Women and its Implication on

the Girl Child Education in Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research Education and

Development, 2(1), 219-226.

World Health Organisation (2012). Understanding and addressing violence against women., retrieved June 25th, 2013.


The author appreciates and thanks the National Population Commission (NPC) [Nigeria], ICF Macro and MEASURE DHS Project not only for the provision of the NDHS data, but also for making the data set available.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.