In everyday life, human beings are confronted with numerous psychological problems. These psychological problems are numerous and vital that at times they claim human life. One of such psychological problems is the one being face by victims of rape and sexual harassment in which many individual may be hesitant to talk about but it is something that should be discussed, because of its psychological and social effects of it on its victims. The study is a descriptive survey research design of correlational type. The study was carried out in four different locations in Ibadan metropolis and volunteering sampling technique was used for the study due to characteristics of the study. The total sample for the study was 552. Three research questions were raised and answered using correlation and regression analysis. It was found that suicide ideation was the most potent contributor to victim of rape and sexual harassment while flash back was the next significant contributor to victim of rape and sexual harassment, followed by depression and anxiety in that order and the others  factors like anger, shock, fear and self blame are not significant. Parents should made efforts to be there for their children despite their age by giving them counsel and moral training. Victims/survivors to any form of sexual trauma should seek professional help in order to alleviate any negative effects or aversion it might have on them. Counsellors’ centres, office of crisis programme etc should be established and supported by government and parastatal for successful collaboration on this criminal act in our society.Conclusively, this study has been able to substantiate that schooling alone cannot produce a better and competitive future leaders but a full concerted effort using other various integrated and practical approaches that deal with skill acquisition and character. The study recommended inters alia that parents, guidance and significant others should try as much as possible to inculcate sound training to their child and ward before they become nuisance to the community.




Evaluation, Rape, Sex harassment, Psychological effects, Sociological Effects, Youths.

Full Text:



Acienerno, Resnick, H., Kilpatrick, D.G Saunders, B., & Best, C.L. (1999). Risk factors for rape, physical assault and post traumatic stress disorder in women: Examination of differential multivariate relationships. Journals of Anxiety Disorders 13, 541-563.

American Medical Association (1992). America Medical Association diagnostic and treatment guidelines on domestic violence. Achieves of Family medicine, 1,39-47

America Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edition. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

Andres-Hyman, R.C-, Cott, M.A- & Gold, S.N. (2004) Ethnicity and Sexual orientation as PTSD mitigators in child sexual abuse survivors. Journal of Family violence, 19, 319-325.

Atlanta, G.A: National centres for injury prevention and control, centre for Disease control and prevention.

Basile, K. C. & Saltzman, L.E (2002) Sexual violence surveillance. Uniform definitions and recommended data elements.

Bennice, J.A., Resick, P.A.; Mechanic, M. & Astin, M. (2003) The relative effects if intimate partner physical and sexual violence on post traumatic stress disorder symptomatology. Violence and Victims, 18, 87-94.

Briere, J., & Jordan, C. E (2004) Violence against women: Outcome complexity and implications for assessment and treatment. Journal of interpersonal violence, 19, 1252-1276.

Coid, J., Petruckeritch, A., Chung, W-S; Richardson, J., Moorey, S., & Feder, G (2003) Abusive experiences and psychiatric morbidity in women primary care attenders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 188, 332-339.

David Lisak and his colleagues (Lisak & Luster, 1994; Lisak, Hopper and Song, 1996.

Dickson, W. P., & Candib, L.M (1999) Health related quality of life and symptoms profiles of female survivors of sexual abuse in primary care Archives of Family Medicine, 8, 35-43.

Elliott, D. M., Mok, D.S., & Briere, J. (2004) Adult sexual assault: Prevalence, symptomatology and sex gender differences in the general population. Journal of Traumatic stress, 17, 203-211.

Fassler, I.R., Amodeo, M., Griffin, M. L. Clay, I.R., & Ellis, M.A (2005) Predicting Long-term outcomes for women sexually abused in childhood. Contribution of abuse severity versus family environment. Child abuse and neglect, 29, 269-284.

Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, J., & Lynskey M. (1996) Childhood sexual abuse and psychiatric disorder in young adulthood: II Psychiatric outcomes of childhood sexual abuse. Journal of the American Academy of child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1365-1374.

Frazier, P.A (2003) Perceived control and distress following sexual assault” A longitudinal test of a new model. Journal of personality & Social psychology 84, 1257-1269.

Fritsch, R. C., & Warrier, R. R. (2004) Commentary on a first person account of sexual abuse: From experience to theory and treatment. Psychiatry: Inter personal & Biological processes, 67, 239-245.

Galaif, E. R. Stein, J.A; Newcomb, M.D; & Bernstein, D.P. (2001). Gender differences in the Prediction of Problem alcohol use in a adulthood. Exploring the influence of family factors and childhood maltreatment. Journal of studies on Alcohol, 62. 486-493.

Halligan S.L; Michael, T, Clark D. M; & Ehlers, A. (2003) Post traumatic stress disorder following assault: The role of cognitive processing, trauma memory, and appraisals. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 71, 419-421.

Herman, J.L (1992) Trauma and Recovery New York: Basic Books.

Jonzon. E., & Lindblad, F. (2005) Adult female victims of child sexual abuse: multitype maltreatment and disclosure characteristics related to subjective health. Journal of interpersonal violence, 20, 651-666.

Russell, D.E.H (1984) Sexual exploitation: Rape, Child sexual abuse, and work palce harassment. Beverty Hills, CAL Sage

Helen Benedict (1994) Recovery: How to survive sexual assault for women, men, teenagers and their families. Columbia University Press.

Walker, L.E.A . (1979) The battered women. New York: Harper & Row/


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.