PSYCHOSOCIAL AND CULTURAL ANALYSIS OF CHILDLESSNESS AND ITS IMPLICATIONS ON WOMEN EMANCIPATION IN SOUTH WESTERN NIGERIA: THE COUNSELING PERSPECTIVE
Studies show that the stereotype that childlessness is solely considered a woman's problem makes infertility a major disaster for childless women in Nigeria. This study adopted a cross sectional survey design to explore the extent to which Psychosocial and cultural factors correlate with perception of childlessness among women in South Western Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was utilized to draw out five hundred and fifty-four males and seven hundred females with age range of 20-45 ( =30.4; SD=8.6) from South Western Nigeria. A synchronized instrument with three sub- sections titled Psycho socio-cultural assessment of childlessness (r=0.75) was utilized for data collection. Two Research questions were answered and six null hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance. Descriptive Statistics, Multiple Regression Analysis, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and t-test for independent samples were used for data analysis. Results show that Nigerians irrespective of tribe, gender, age, educational status, self-esteem and religion consider childlessness a taboo and hold women solely responsible. This outcome has implications for improved sexual and reproductive health policy with respect to gender mainstreaming and counselling interventions for childless women.
Akanbi, T.A. (2004). The Attitude of some Nigerians Toward Involuntary Childlessness and its Perceived Psycho-social Effects on the Marital Quality of the affected couples .African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation 6: 1-7
American Society of reproductive Medicine (2013). Fertility and Sterity 99.1:0015-282
Angner, E.(2005). Subjective measures of well-being. A philosophical examination.
Doctoral Dissertation, university of Pittsburg. Retrieved on 17th January, 2014 from www.http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD
Feyisetan, B.J. and Bankole, A. (2002). Fertility Transition in Nigeria: Trends and Prospects.
Retrieved on December 5,2013 from www.http//:un.org.esa/populations/completing
Gerrits, T. (1997). Social and cultural aspects of infertility in Mozambique. Patient EducCouns 31.1:39-48
Izugbara, C.O. (2000). Women’s understanding of factors affecting their reproductive health in a rural Ngwa Community. African Journal of Reproductive Health 4. 2: 62-68.
Kabsa, M.C. (1994). Threatened fertility in Egypt. Social Science Medicine 39. 4:487-505.
Kuku, S. F. and Osegbe, N.D. (2009). Oligo/azoospermia in Nigeria.Archives of Andrology22, 3:233-237
Lechner, L, Bolman, C. and van Dalen, A. (2007). Definite involuntary childlessness: Associations between coping, social support, and psychological distress. Human Reproduction 22:288–294.
Mead, M. (1935). Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies (1st ed.). New York: HarperCollins Publishers Inc.
Ojua, D.T., Edem, C.,and Aernyi, R.I. (2013). Infertility and Gender Difference in reaction Among Couples and Family and Community Treatment: a study of Patients Attending N.K.S.T. Hospital Mkar in Benue state, Nigeria
Okonofua, F: (1997). Preventing unsafe abortion in Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health 1.1:25-36
Okonofua, F.E., Harris, D., Odebiyi, A., Kane, T. and Snow, R.C. (1997). “The Social Meaning of Infertility in Southwest Nigeria”, Health Transition Review 7: 205-220.
Okonofua, F.E. (2002). “What about us? Bringing Infertility into Reproductive Health Care.”
Okonofua F. E. (2007).The social meaning of infertility in Southwest Nigeria. Health Transition Review, 7:205–220
Ola, T. M. (2009).The Socio-Cultural Perception and Implications of Childlessness among Men and Women in an Urban Area, Southwest, Nigeria. Journal of Social Sciences, 21.3: 205-209.
Omage, M. I. (2013). Critical Issues in Marriage Failure in Benin City, Nigeria: Signalling the way forward. European Scientific Journal 95: 1857 – 7881
Omoaregba, J.O., James, B.O., Lawani, A.O., Morakinyo, O. and Olotu, O.S.(2011). Psychosocial characteristics of female infertility in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria Annals of African Medicine.10.1:19-24.
Otubu, J.A. and Olarewaju, R.S (1989). Hysteroscopy in infertile Nigerian women.African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 18. 2: 117-121
Ryan, R. M., and Deci, E. L. (2001). On Happiness and Human Potentials: a Review of Research on hedonic and eudemonic well-being. Annual review of psychology 52. 141-166.
Sayeed, U. (2009).Childlessness in Andhra Pradesh India: Treatment-Seeking and Consequences. Reproductive Health Matters 13:54–64
Sundby, J. (1997). Infertility in the Gambia: traditional and modern health care. Patient Educ Couns 31.1:29-37.
Umeora, O. Igberase, G., Okogbenin, I Obu. (2008).Cultural Misconceptions And Emotional Burden Of Infertility In South East Nigeria. The Internet Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics10: 2.
UNAIDS (2013).Abuja + shaping the future of health in Africa. Retrieved on January, 12, 2014 from www.unaids.org/en/media/unaids/contentassets
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.