PSYCHO-SOCIOLOGICAL FACTORS AS CORRELATES OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF NIGERIAN STUDENTS; A CASE STUDY OF STUDENTS OF EMMANUEL ALAYANDE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, ERELU, OYO, NIGERIA

AWOYEMI A E, LASISI A. K.

Abstract


 

 The study investigated the relationship between psychosocial factors (self-concept, study habit, motivation, home and school environment and socio-economic status) and academic achievement of students of Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo. Multi-stage random  sampling technique was used in this study. The participants consisted of 250 randomly selected students from five schools of the college, different departments in each group and levels in each department.  They are made up of 146 male and 104 female students with mean age of 20.52 years (SD = 14.36). The instrument used was Lasisi’ (2004) Academic Achievement Prediction Inventory (r = 0.78) and Achievement test on Classroom Control and Management (r = 0.65) and Citizenship Education (r = 0.69) for parts two and three respectively. Two research questions were asked and answered. The data generated were subjected to Multiple Regression Analysis. The results showed that the independent variables (psychosocial factors) made significant joint contribution to the prediction of dependent variable (academic achievement) (F (5, 244) = 150.58, P < 0.05). It was also observed that each of the independent variables made a significant relative contribution to the prediction of the dependent variable. It was recommended that government at various levels should step up finance on education so that the institutions in the country will be better equipped to face their challenges and this will bring about improvement in the quality and quantity of learning. The recommendation also touched the factors that are resident in the school authorities, teachers, parents and the students themselves.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Aremu, A. O; Oluwole, D. A. and Fayombo, G. A. 2001. Secondary school students academic performance; an evaluation of the predicting effects of five variables. Ilorin Journal of Education, 1, (4), 69-78.

Bouler, L. T. 2002. Self-concept as a predictor of College freshman academic adjustment. College Students Journal, 1,(4), 163-178.

Caldas, S. J. 1999. Multilevel examination of student, school, and district-level effects on academic achievement. Journal of Educational Research, 93, 91-101.

Dev, P.C. 1997. Intrinsic motivation and academic achievement: What does their relationship imply for the classroom teacher? Remedial and Special Education, 18(1), 12-19.

Gottlieb, R. J. and Rogers, J. L. 2002. Academic self-concept, academic achievement, and leadership in university students studying in a physical therapy program. Journal of Allied Health, Summer.

Green, H. And Njagi, K. 2000. Mother’s Education, Economic Factors and Family Involvement as predictors of academic achievement of students. http://www.houston.clemson.edu/newsletter

Kohn, A. (1993). Punished by rewards: The trouble with gold stars, incentive plans, A's, praise, and other bribes. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.

Lasisi,A. K. 2004. Psychosocial factors as correlates of academic achievement of Nigerian students; a case study of students of Oyo state college of education, Erelu, oyo. An M. Ed dissertation theses submitted to University of Ibadan.

Osiki, J.O. 2001. Effects of remedial training programme in the management of learning acquisition defectiveness and poor study habit problems of selected subjects in a community grammar school. Nigerian journal of applied psychology 6(2) 107 – 115.

Ruhm, C. 1997. Is high school employment consumption or investment. Journal of Labor Economics 15(4) (October), 735-776.

Schvaneveldt, P. 2002. The role of parents, peers and academic achievement and involvement in susbstanceuse in determining pathways to success in early adulthood. fundResGrants.html

Skinner, E. and Belmont, M. 1991. A longitudinal study of motivation in school: Reciprocal effects of teacher behavior and student engagement. Unpublished manuscript, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.

Stern, D. and Nakata, Y. 1991. Paid employment among U.S. college students: Trends, effects, and possible causes. Journal of Higher Education 62, No. 1. (January - February), 25-43.

Stinebrickner, R. and Stinebrickner, T. 2003. Working during school and academic performance, Journal of Labor Economics 21(2) (April), 473-491.

Walker, K. L. 2002. Academic performance among African American and Caucasian college students; is the family still important? College Student Journal, 4 (2), 62 – 75.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.