INFLUENCE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS ON QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG SELECTED FEDERAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA
Poor quality of life among students influences the psychological wellbeing, which could affect their academic performance and mental health issues. There has been paucity of studies on poor quality of life, these studies focus more on the levels of poor quality of life and it negative outcome. This study was therefore designed to investigate the relationship between psychological factors (locus of control, emotion regulation) and quality of life.
A cross sectional survey design with a multistage random sampling technique was adopted for the study. The participating universities were selected with simple random sampling technique while systemic random sampling technique was used to select study participants. The sample was made up of 486 new students of three federal universities (Federal University of Oye-Ekiti, Federal University of Technology Akure and University of Ibadan) in the southwest of Nigeria. Pearson r correlation and independent t-test measure were used in the analysis at p≤0.05.
It was found that significant relationship exists between emotion regulation (r=0.13,) and quality of life. Locus of control significantly influenced quality of life (t(486)=-4.14,) with the internals (x̅=43.042) exhibiting higher quality of life than the externals (x̅=37.943).
It was concluded that students’ internal locus of control should be optimized and enhanced through building of a positive mindset that will give each student capacity for positively, students’ capacity to regulate their emotions should be encouraged through lifestyles that enhance emotional intelligence of students and psychological clinic that would boost students’ emotion regulation should be established.
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