DAMNED LIES, HALF TRUTH AND SOCIAL STATISTICS
In recent time, the misinterpretation of statistics represents one of the most prevalent tools in misleading the general public. Most politicians and business organisations have used statistics to attract public sympathy, create an outrage or facilitate their personal interest. This is done by either lying or manipulating data to reveal just part of the truth beneficial to them. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to review how statistics could be used to mislead the public. The scope of the paper is limited to some selected descriptive statistics namely: The mean, percentages, and graphs. The study concluded that although social statistics, could be used to deceive the public, it is still a veritable tool for understanding and clarifying the way the social world works. However, it is recommended that before any social statistics is accepted, the source of the statistics must be verified to determine if it is for public or vested interests, the whole data for the statistics must be reviewed to ensure no missing data which might reveal additional findings.
Best, J. (2001). Damned Lies and Statistics: Untangling Numbers from the Media, Politicians, and Activist.
California: University of California Press.
Bluman, A.G (2009). Elementary Statistics: A step by step Approach 7th edition, Boston:
Triola, M.F (2006). Elementary Statistics10th Edition, Boston: Pearson Education Inc.
Uzobo, E., Micheal, O.T., & Akhuetie, E.R (2016). Basic Descriptive Statistics in the Social Sciences, Benin:
Cardinali, D. (2016). The Problem with Poverty Statistics. Retrieved from:
Centre for Economic and Policy Research (2013). Relative Poverty Measures Can Help Paint a More Accurate
picture of Poverty in 21st Century America. Retrieved from: http://cepr.net/blogs/cepr-blog/relative-poverty-measures-can-help-paint-a-more- accurate-picture-of-poverty-in-21st-century-america)
Pew Research Centre (2015). Black Child Poverty rate holds steady, even as other groups see declines.
Retrieved from: http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/07/14/black-child-poverty-rate-holds-steady-even-as-other-groups-see-declines/
News Agency of Nigeria, (2018). Knocks for Peter Obi for quoting dubious statistics. Retrieved from:
Varalakshmi, V., Sundaram, G.G., Indrani, B., Suseela, N., & Ezhilarasi, S. (2004). Statistics: Higher
First Year. Chennai: Tamilnadu Test Book Corporation.
Twain, Mark, (1924), Autobiography, in; A. B. Paine (ed), New York and London: Harper
Brothers Vol. I.
University of New York (no date). "Lies, Damned Lies and
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.