SELF EFFICACY, SELF ESTEEM, AND GENDER AS FACTORS PREDICTING HOMESICKNESS OF FRESHMEN

UCHENNA C Onuoha, OPEYEMI I Segun-Martins, JANET T Kolade

Abstract


 

 

The transition from high school to college/university often involves separation from home as well as adapting to a new academic environment. For most new students, adjusting to an unfamiliar academic setting can induce homesickness. While most studies have investigated homesickness as a negative outcome of relocation, the present study extended the literature by examining the influence of self esteem, self efficacy, and gender on homesickness among freshmen in a public higher institution of learning in southwest Nigeria. The study was a cross-sectional ex post facto research, in which 306 respondents were selected using purposive sampling method. The sample comprised 193 females and 113 males, and their age ranged between 15 and 29 years with a mean of 20.13.  The instrument for data collection was a well-designed self-report questionnaire that measured self efficacy, self esteem and homesickness. Three hypotheses generated from the literature reviewed were tested. Results indicated significant influence of both self efficacy {t (303) = 4.54, p <.01}, and self esteem {t (303) = 5.50, p<.01} on homesickness. However, gender had no significant influence on homesickness. The findings were discussed alongside implications and conclusions.  

 

 


Keywords


self efficacy, self esteem, homesickness, fresh students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Archer, J., Ireland, J., Amos, S., Broad, H., & Currid, L. (1998). Derivation of a homesickness scale. British Journal of Psychology, 89, 205-221.

Banning, E. J. (2010). The Effect of Homesickness on Air Force Academy Cadets. PCOM Psychology Dissertations. Paper 155. http://digitalcommons.pcom.edu/psychology_dissertations/155

Baron, R.A., & Byrne, D. (1994). Social psychology: understanding human interaction (7th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Bell, J, & Bromnick, R. (1998). Young people in transition: the relationship between homesickness and self-disclosure. Journal of Adolescence, 21, 745–748.

Blasovich, J. & Tomaka, J. (1991). Measures of self esteem. In J.P. Robinson, P.R. Shaver, & L.S. Wrighsman (Eds.). Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes, vol 1. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Breakwell, G. M. (1986). Coping with threatened identity. London: Methuen.

Brewin, C. R., Furnham, A., & Howes, M. (1989). Demographic and psychological determinants of homesickness and confiding among students. British Journal of Psychology, 80, 467-477.

Burt, C. D. B. (1993). Concentration and academic ability following transition to uni¬versity: An investigation of the effects of homesickness. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 13, 333-342.

Constantine, M.G.,Okazaki, S.,& Utsey, S.O. (2004). Self-concealment, social self-efficacy, acculturative stress, and depression in African, Asian, and Latin American international college students. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 74, 230-241.

Eurelings-Bontekoe, E. H. M., Vingerhoets, A. J. J. M., & Fontijn, T. (1994). Per¬sonality and behavioral antecedents of homesickness. Personality and Individual Differences, 16, 229-235.

Fisher , S, & Hood, B. (1987). The stress of the transition to university: a longitudinal study of psychological disturbance, absent-mindedness and vulnerability to homesickness. British Journal of Psychology, 78, 425–441.

Fisher, S., Murray, K., & Frazer, N. A. (1985). Homesickness, health, and efficiency in first year students. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 5,181–195.

Fisher, S. (1989). Homesickness, Cognition, and Health. Hove, UK: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Fisher, S, & Hood, B. (1988). Vulnerability factors in the transition to university: self-reported mobility history and sex differences as factors of psychological disturbance. British Journal of Psychology, 79, 309–320.

Fisher, S., & Hood, B. (1987). The stress of the transition to university: A longitudi¬nal study of psychological disturbance and vulnerability to homesickness. British Journal of Psychology, 78, 425-442.

Fisher, S., Murray, K., & Frazer, N. (1985). Homesickness, health and efficiency in first year students. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 5, 181-195.

Goetz, T., Cronjaeger, H., Frenzel, A.C, Ludtke, O. & Hall, N.C. (2010). Academic self-concept and emotion reflections: Domain specificity & age effects. Contemporary Education Psychology 35,1, 44-58.

Guinagh, B (1992). Homesickness in the Freshman Year. Journal of the First Year Experience & Students in Transition, 4, 1,111-120.

Hartup ,W, & Stevens, N. (1999). Friendships and adaptation across the lifespan. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8, 76–79.

Hsieh, P., Sullivan, J.R. & Guerra, N.S. (2007). A Closer Look at College Students: Self-Efficacy and Goal Orientation. Journal of Advanced Academics, 18, 3, 454-476

Proshansky, H. M., Fabian, A. K., & Kaminoff, R. (1983). Place-identity: Physical world socialization of the self. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 3, 57-83.

Randall, D.W. (2004). An exploration of homesickness: Psychological correlates, family functioning, and methodological advancements. Dissertation Abstracts International, 64, 9, 4630.

Rajapaksa, S., & Dundes, L. (2003). It’s a long way home: International student adjustment to living in the United States. College Student Retention, 4, 15-28.

Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Scopelliti M, Tiberio L.(2010). Homesickness in university students: the role of multiple place attachment. Environmental Behavior, 42, 335–350.

Smith, G.J. (2007). Paper presented at the Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, May, 3-6.

Spector, P. E. (2006). Method Variance in Organizational Research: Truth or Urban Legend? Organizational Research Methods, 9, 221-232.

Stroebe, M., Vliet, T.V., Hewstone, M., & Willis, H. (2002). Homesickness among students in two cultures: Antecedents and consequences. British Journal of Psychology, 93, 2, 147–168.

Tsai, C., Chuang, S., Liang, J., & Tsai, M. (2011). Self-efficacy in Internet-based learning environments: A literature review. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 14,4, 222-240

Thurber, CA. (1999). The phenomenology of homesickness in boys. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27, 125–139.

Thurber, C.A., Walton, E.A., & the Council on School Health (2008). Preventing and treating homesickness, Pediatrics, 119, 192-201.

Thurber, C.A.,& Sigman, M.D. (1998). Preliminary models of risk and protective factors for childhood homesickness: review and empirical synthesis. Child Development. 69, 903– 934

Tochkov, K., Levine, L., & Sanaka, A. (2010). Variation in the prediction of cross-cultural adjustment by Asian-Indian students in the United States. College Students Journal, 24, 677–689.

Urani, M.A., Miller, S.A., Johnson, J.E., & Petzel, T.P. (2003). Homesickness in socially anxious first year college students. College Students Journal, 37, 392– 399.

van Tilburg M., DeWaal, K. V. A., & van Heck, G.L. (1999). Homesickness and separation anxiety: are they different? Psychological Studies, 44, 95–99.

Van Heck, G.L., Vingerhoets, AJ.J.M., Voolstra, A, Groijters, 1, Thijs, H., & Van Tilburg, M.AL. (2005). Personality, temperament, and homesickness. In M.A.L. Van Tilburg & A.J.J.M. Vingerhoets (Eds.), Psychological aspects of geographical moves:Homesickness and acculturation stress (2nd ed., pp. 169-18). Tilburg: Tilburg University Press.

Wilton, L., & Constantine, M. G. (2003). Length of residence, cultural adjustment difficulties, and psychological distress symptoms in Asian and Latin American international college students. Journal of College Counseling, 6, 177-186.

Yusoff, Y.M. (2012). Self-Efficacy, perceived social support, and psychological adjustment in international undergraduate students in a public higher education institution in Malaysia. Journal of Studies in International Education, 16,(4), 353-371.

Zaleski, E. H., Levey-Thors, C., & Schiaffino, K. M. (1998). Coping mechanisms, stress, social support, and health problems in college students. Applied Developmental Science, 2, 127-137


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.