INFLUENCE OF OCCUPATIONAL STRESS ON QUALITY OF PARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIP AMONG MOTHERS IN THE OYO STATE CIVIL SERVICE
The quality of parents-child relationship between parents and their children have been found to be linked to the health and social wellbeing of the children. Most times, parents are stressed from working to earn a living for their family thereby impacting the quality of parent-child relationship. This research work sought to examine the influence of occupational stress on the quality of parent-child relationship among multiparous mothers.
The study adopted an ex-post facto research design. The research was conducted on multiparous mothers working in the Oyo State civil service. Systematic and simple random sampling technique was adopted during the course of the research. Three hundred and nine (309) multiparous mothers participated in the study. The mean age of mothers being (40.6yrs)SD (1.08). A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from the participants. Three hypotheses were formulated and tested using multiple regression and one way ANOVA.
Results revealed that the components of occupational stress; workload, interpersonal problems, temporal problems, reward system, leadership problems and inadequate working facilities jointly accounted for 18% of the variance of quality of parent-child relationship (R= .43, R2 = .18, F =3.98; p<.01). The analysis further revealed that workload (β= .91, t = 2.59, p>.01) have the highest independent influence on quality of parent-child relationship among multiparous mothers with a beta value of .91. The result further showed that there is a significant joint influence of demographic variables on quality of parent-child relationship among multiparous mothers (F=2.49; p<.05), participant’s income (β=.16; t=2.10; p˂.05) and educational qualification (β=.15; t=2.03; p˂.05) had significant independent influences on quality of parent-child relationship among multiparous mothers. High income earning mothers who earn above N51,000 scored significantly higher on the quality of parent-child relationship (F=2.96; p˂.05) which shows that high income earning parents have a higher quality parent-child interaction.
The study concludes that occupational stress contributes significantly to the quality of parent-child relationship among multiparous mothers, with workload having an individual influence on quality of parent-child relationship.
Akintayo, D. I. (2010). Work-family role conflict and organizational commitment among industrial workers in
Nigeria. Journal of Psychology and Counseling, 2(1), 1-8.
Animasahun, R. A., & Oladeni, O. O. (2012). Effects of assertiveness training and marital communication skills in enhancing marital satisfaction among Baptist couples in Lagos State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Human Social Science Research, 12, 27–38. https://globaljournals.org
Annisia, M. M. (2015). Parental involvement and its effects on students’ academic performance in public
secondary schools in Korogwe, Tanzania. An unpublished thesis for Masters Degree in Education and
Administration submitted to the Planning and Policy Studies of the Open University of Tanzania.
Boutelle, K., Eisenberg, M. E., Gregory, M. L., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2009). The reciprocal relationship between
parent-child connectedness and adolescent emotional functioning over five years. Journal of Psychosomatic
Research, 66, 309-316.
Bugental, D. B., & Johnston, C. (2000). Parental and child cognitions in the context of the family. Annual Review of
Psychology, 51, 315-344.
Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1998). Subjective wellbeing: Three decades of progress.
Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276-302.
Dykstra, P. A., & Fokkema, T. (2011). Relationships between parents and their adult children: A West European
typology of late-life families. Ageing and Society, 31(4), 545-569.
Eamon, M. K. (2005). Social demographic, school, neighbourhood and parenting influences on academic
achievement of Latino young adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34 (2), 163-175.
Feldman, R., Guttfreund, D., & Yerushalmi, H. (1998). Parental care and intrusiveness as predictors of the abilities-achievement gap in adolescence. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39, 721-730.
Field, A. P., Ball, J. E., Kawycz, N. J., & Harriett, M. (2007). Parent-child relationships and the verbal information
pathway to fear in children: Two preliminary experiments. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 35, 473-
Fletcher, A. C., Steinberg, L., & Williams-Wheeler, M. (2004). Parental influences on adolescent problem behaviour:
Revisiting stattin and kerr. Child Development, 75, 781–96.
Giebels, E., & Janssen, O. (2005). Conflict stress and reduced well-being at work: The buffering effect of third-party help. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 14(2), 137-155.
Glasgow, K. L., Dornbusch, S. M., Troyer, L., Steinberg, L., & Ritter, P. L. (1997). Parenting styles, adolescents’
attributions and educational outcomes in nine heterogeneous high schools. Child Development, 68, 507-529.
Grusec, J. E. (2011). Socialization processes in the family: Social and emotional development. Annual Review of Psychology, 62, 243-269.
Habib, R. R., Hamdan, M., Al-Sahab, B., Tamim, H., Mack, A., & Rema, A. A. (2010). The influence of parent-child
relationship on safety belt use among school children in Beirut. Health Promotion International, 25(4), 403-411.
Jamal, M. (1984). Job stress and job performance controversy: An empirical assessment. Organizational Behaviour and Human Performance, 33, 1-21
Jamal, M. (1999). Job stress, type-a behavior, and wellbeing: A cross-cultural examination. International Journal of
Stress Management, 6, 57–67.
Kuczynski, L. (2003). Handbook of dynamics in parent-child relations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Lau, A. S., Litrownik, A. J., Newton, R. R., Black, M. M., & Everson, M. D. (2006). Factors affecting the link between physical discipline and child externalizing problems in black and white families. Journal of Community Psychology, 34(1), 89-103.
Liu, C., Spector, P., & Shi, L. (2008). Use of both qualitative and quantitative approaches to study job stress in
different gender and occupational groups. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 13(4), 357-370.
Mark, A. D. (2012). Stress and its effect on employees productivity. A Research Project Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana.
McLanahan, S., & Adams, J. (1987). Parenthood and psychological well-being. Annual Review of Sociology, 13, 237-
McLoyd, V.C. (1990). The impact of economic hardship on black families and children: Psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development. Child Development, 61(2), 311-346
Ngai, S. S., Cheung, C., To, S., Liu, Y., & Song, H. (2013). Parent-child relationships, friendship networks and developmental outcomes of economically disadvantaged youth in Hong Kong. Children and Youth Services Review, 35, 91-101.
Ngai, S. Y., & Cheung, C. K. (2009). The effects of parental care and parental control on the internal assets of adolescent children in Hong Kong. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 15, 235-255.
Nomaguchi, K. M., & Milkie, M. A. (2003). Costs and rewards of children: The effects of becoming a parent on adults' life. Journal of Marriage and Family, 65, 356-374.
Orlov, A. (1996). The evolution of interpersonal relations in the family: The main approaches, orientations and trends. Magister, 1, 52-64.
Presser, H. B. (2003). Working in a 24/7 economy: Challenges for American families. New York: Russell sage foundation.
Popov, L. M., & Ilesanmi, R. A. (2015). Parent-child relationship: Peculiarities and outcome. Review of European
Studies, 7(5), 253-263 .
Raboteg-Saric, Z., & Sakic, M. (2013). Relations of parenting styles and friendship quality to self-esteem, life satisfaction and happiness in adolescents. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 9, 749-765.
Salami, S. O. (2003). Occupational stress scale. Department of Guidance and Counseling. Faculty of Education .University of Ibadan, Ibadan.
Spector, P. E. (1987). Interactive effect of perceived control and job stressors on affective reactions and health outcomes for clerical workers. Work and Stress, 1, 155-162
Udedibie, O. B. I. (2012). Role of couple types, marital quality, and job status in work-family conflict among married mothers. An unpublished masters thesis for the Degree of Masters of Science (M.Sc) in Industrial Psychology under the Department of Psychology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.