THE INFLUENCE OF COMPETITIVE DRIVE ON IMMORALITY AMONG CHURCH PLANTING MINISTERS IN EJIGBO LAGOS.

HARUNA SAMUEL SUCCESS

Abstract



This study discusses Competitive Drive and immorality among church ministers in Ejigbo Lagos Nigeria. A correlational research design method was adopted. It is Hypothesized that, Competitive drive will have a significant positive relationship with immorality among church planting ministers in Ejigbo Lagos. One hundred and seventy nine participants were selected using purposeful sampling technique and they included 135 male participants and 44 female participants whose age ranged between 18-55 years. The mean age was 25.51 years. The standardized instruments used are Norms and Religious settings inventory. The result shows that Competitive Drive has a significant positive relationship with the immorality among church ministers in Ejigbo Lagos. The results were discussed and useful recommendations are made.

 


 


Keywords


church planting, Competitive Drive, immorality.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abraham, K.P. (2001). African American church participation and health care practices. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 75(11), 908-913.

Algore, F.A. & Mabel, G.A. (2003). Jesus will fix it after awhile: Meanings and health. Social Science & Medicine, 50(1), 89-105.

Algore, F.A. (2001). Coping and social support resources among Latinas with arthritis. Arthritis Care and Research: The Official Journal of the Arthritis Health Professions Association, 9(6), 501-508.

Austin, M.M. (2007). Knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about end-of-life care among inner-city African Americans and Latinos. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 7(2), 247-256.

Bayle, A.J. (1989). Crossing borders, crossing cultures: Barriers to communication about cancer prevention and treatment along the U.S./Mexico border. Patient Education and Counseling, 77(3), 333-339.

Benard, P.Q. (1990). Socioeconomic, cultural, and personal influences on health outcomes in low income Mexican-origin individuals in Texas. Social Science & Medicine, 59(8), 1629- 1646.

Buhl, F.A. (2010). Religion, socio-demographic and personal characteristics, and self-reported health in whites, blacks, and Hispanics living in low-socioeconomic status neighborhoods. Ethnicity & Disease, 15(3), 469-484.

Cohen, P.A. (2007). Mental health of low income uninsured men with prostate cancer. The Journal of Urology, 173(4), 1323-1326.

Cohen, P.A. (2008). Positive self-transitions in women child abuse survivors. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 24(6-1), 647-666.

Copan, M.A. (2009). Risks and resources associated with ante partum risk for depression among rural southern women. Nursing Research, 56(6), 378-386.

Cortes, G.D. (1965). Risks and protective factors associated with symptoms of depression in low- income African American and Caucasian women during pregnancy. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, 50(5), 405-410.

Daily postusa (2011). Theory of Valuation. University of Chicago USA. ISBN 978-0226575940.

Dixon, T. (1988). Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-929551-7

Gangun, H. (1995). Parish, S. L., Magaha, S., & Cassiman, S. A. (2008). It's just that much harder— multilayered hardship experiences of low-income mothers with disabilities. Affilia — Journal of Women and Social Work, 23(1), 51-65.

Gaukroger, T.Y. (1999). Religious involvement, coping, social support, and psychological distress in HIV-seropositive African American mothers. AIDS and Behavior, 5(3), 221- 235.

Geogian University, (2001). Spirituality, forgiveness, and quality of life in low-income women with breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 88, S140.

Gregory, M.A. (2001). Study of the therapeutic effects of intercessory prayer (STEP) in cardiac bypass patients: A multicenter randomized trial of uncertainty and certainty of receiving intercessory prayer. American Heart Journal, 151(4), 934-942.

Gregory, P. (2005). "Cross-National Correlations of Quantifiable Societal Health with Popular Religiosity and Secularism in the Prosperous Democracies: A First Look". Journal of Religion and Society (Baltimore, Maryland) 7: 4, 5, 8.

Hirschi, S.A. & Stark, A.A. (1969). Objective hope: Assessing the effectiveness offaith-based organizations: A review of the literature. Philadelphia: Center for Research on Religion and Urban Civil Society at University of Pennsylvania.

Hume, D. (1772). "The Natural History of Religion." In Hitchens, Christopher.

Miller, R.U. (2001). Spirituality, religion, and health: Evidence and research directions. MJA, 186(10), S47-S50.

Nussbaum, A.P. (2006). Gender differences in self-esteem: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 125(4), 470-500.

Pakondehan, M. (2001). Self-esteem as an interpersonal monitor: The socio-meter hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68 (3). 518-530

Paul, I.A. (2002). Avoiding Death or Engaging Life as Accounts of Meaning and Culture: Comment on Pyszczynski et al.; (2004). Psychological Bulletin, 130 (3), 473-477.

Pike, M.A. (2001). Good without God: What a Billion Nonreligious People Do Believe. New York: HarperCollins. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-06-167011-4.

Rahaman, H.A. (2007). Ethical Issues in Six Religious Traditions (Second Ed.). Columbia University press, pp.61, 88-89. ISBN 978-0-7486-2330-3.

Rhodes, R. (2000). Strategies for Dialoguing with Atheists. Reasoning from the Scriptures Ministries. Retrieved January 4, 2010.

Richard, R.K. & Egger, Y. (2011). The Miniature Guide to Understanding the Foundations of Ethical Reasoning. United States: Foundation for Critical Thinking Free Press, pp. np. ISBN 0-944-583-17-2.

Seder, F.A. (2004). The Portable Atheist: Essential Readings for the Nonbeliever. Philadelphia: Da Capo Press, p. 30. ISBN 978-0-306-81608-6.

Spry, A.A. (2001). "If You Love Me, Keep My Commandments": A Meta-analysis of the Effect of Religion on Crime". 38. No. 1. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, p. 3. Retrieved 20 November 2001.

Steve, C.U. (2009). "Cross-National Correlations of Quantifiable Societal Health with Popular Religiosity and Secularism in the Prosperous Democracies: A First Look". Journal of Religion and Society (Baltimore, Maryland).

Sutherland, J.I. & Cressy, P.S. (1978). Escaping from the crime of inner cities: Church attendance and religious salience among disadvantaged youth. Justice Quarterly, 17, 377-391.

Tittle, A.S. & Welch, N.O. (1983). The Scandal of the Evangelical Conscience: Why Are Christians Living Just Like the Rest of the World?

Venn, Z.A. & Anderson, T.B. (1962). Beyond Hellfire: An explanation of the variable effects of religiosity on adolescent marijuana and alcohol use. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 26, 198-225.

Vintage Magazine, (2006). In pursuit of the "true" relationship: A longitudinal study of the effects of religiosity on delinquency and substance abuse. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Dissertation.

Voert, M.A, (1994). Hellfire and delinquency: Another look. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 13,455-462.

Zuckerman. P. (2008). Society without God: What the Least Religious Nations Can Tell Us About Contentment. New York: New York University Press, ISBN 978-0-8147- 9714- 3.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.