PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS OF INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE AMONG ADULT RESIDENTS IN AN URBAN COMMUNITY, EDO STATE, NIGERIA

Andrew Ifeanyichukwu OBI, Ehigiator Okokhue ADAYONFO

Abstract


Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a growing public health challenge globally and in Nigeria. This study assessed prevalence and determinants of IPV among adult residents in an urban community in Edo State, to help develop effective intervention to tackle this public health problem. The study was a community based descriptive cross sectional one. Interviewer administered pre-tested structured questionnaire was administered on 219 adult residents of Ogbe Community in Benin City, Edo State. Data collected were analysed using SPSS version 22.0 statistical software with statistical significance set at p˂0.050 and 95% Confidence Interval. The mean age (SD) of respondents was 30±9 years. Lifetime and recent prevalence of IPV among respondents studied was 70 (32.0%) and 63 (28.2%) respectively. In relation to pattern of IPV, emotional (70 (32.0%); 55 (25.1%)), Sexual abuse (41 (18.7%); 34 (15.5%)), denial of opportunities (41 (%); 21 (9.6%)) and physical abuse (37 (16.9%); 23 (10.5%)), were reported by respondents for both lifetime and recent IPV respectively. Gender (OR=0.178; 95%CI=0.079-0.042); p<0.001) and alcohol use by partner (OR=0.017; 95%CI=0.002-0.133; p<0.001) were significant determinants identified influencing IPV. The prevalence of IPV is worrisome. There is need for appropriate multi-sectorial engagement and enforcement of relevant laws to tackle this problem.


Keywords


Adult, Determinants, intimate partner violence, prevalence, Residents, Urban

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