PSYCHO-SOCIAL FACTORS PREDICTING SOCIAL PHOBIA AMONG FRESH UNDERGRADUATES STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN.
This study examined the extent to which self-concept, self-esteem, self-efficacy, age and gender predicted social phobia among fresh undergraduate students in University of Ibadan. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Two hundred and fifty (250) newly admitted University of Ibadan undergraduate students with the age range of 16 and 30 years and mean age of 23.07 (SD = 4.47) were selected using a stratified random sampling technique. A self-report questionnaire consisting of demographic section, and measures of social phobia, self-concept, self-esteem and self-efficacy was used to collect data. Research objectives were tested using T-test for independence, one-way ANOVA and Multiple Regression Analysis at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that there was joint contribution of the independent variables to social phobia of reported by respondents (R= 0.28, adjR2 = 0.05, p <0.001). Only self-concept predicted social phobia (b = -0.22, t = -3.35, p <0.01). Self-efficacy and self-esteem were non- significant predictors of social phobia. There was significant difference in social phobia based on the age of the fresh undergraduate students (F (2,249) = 10.05, p<0.01) while there was no significant gender differences in the reported levels of social phobia (t (248) = 0.66, p>0.05). It was concluded that self-concept significantly predicted social phobia among fresh university undergraduate students. That counselling services should be available to newly admitted students for social adjustment.
Keywords: Social phobia, Self-concept, Self-efficacy, Self-esteem, Gender, and Age Differences.
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