INFLUENCE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS ON RESILIENCY OF TYPE II DIABETIC PATIENTS IN IBADAN, NIGERIA
Theoretical reviews have established link between psychosocial factors and resilience among diabetics. However there is dearth of empirical findings with regards to the specific role psychodemographic factors play on resiliency of type 2 diabetic patients. Consequently, the study aimed to investigate the role psychodemographic factors play in strengthening the recovery process of people living with type 2 diabetics. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey design. A total of 79 type 2 diabetic patients were selected using the purposive sampling technique from three (3) hospitals in Ibadan North LGA. The study participants comprised of 37 (47%) males and 42 (53%) females with mean age of respondents as 51.19 and standard deviation of 17.56. Data were collected through a questionnaire consisting of standardized scales that measured the study variables. Results from multiple regression analyses revealed that perceived vulnerability had significant joint prediction on resilience [F (1, 78) = 23.85; p<.01; R2 =.23]. One-way ANOVA revealed that diabetics with low and high social support significantly reported higher resiliency than diabetics with moderate social support [F (1, 77) = 5.122; p<.05]. Chi-square analysis showed significant association between gender and resiliency [(1) =0.017; p<0.05] and education and resiliency [(2) =0.010; p<0.05]. From the findings of the study, perceived vulnerability has predictive utility on resiliency of diabetics and high social support also impacts more than other levels of support on resiliency. Therefore, need exist on the part of clinical health practitioners who are involved in the care and management of diabetics to work on patient’s perception of risk and as well try to encourage the strong need for social support and network implicated to diabetics adjustment and leading of normal life.
Afshar, H., Bagherian S.R., Foruzandeh N.K., Horamian, N,. Daghaghzadeh H. M. and Adibi M.R. (2011). The Investigation of Validity and Reliability of a Scale of Perceived Vulnerability to Disease In Iran. British Journal of the Social Sciences, 1 (4), 43-51.
Bariola E., Lyons A., Leonard W., Pitts M., Badcock P and Couch M (2015). American Journal of Public Health, 105(10), 2108-2116.
Botha S.S., Riyazi N., Kroon H.M., Scharloo M., Houwing-Duistermaat J.J., and Slagboom E.(2006). Activity limitations in the lower extremities in patients with osteoarthritis: the effects of illness perceptions and mental health. Osteoarthritis Cartilage, 14(11), 1104-1110.
Cherrington, A., Ayala, G. X., Amick, H., Scarinci, I., Allison, J., and Corbie-Smith (2008). Applying the community health worker model to diabetes management: Using mixed methods to assess implementation and effectiveness. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 19, 1044-1059. doi:10.1353/hpu.0.0077
Couzos S, O'Rourke S, Metcalf S, Murray R (2003). Diabetes. In: Couzos S, Murray R, eds. Aboriginal primary health care: an evidence-based approach. 2nd edition. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press: 348-410.
Duncan, L. A., Schaller, M., & Park, J. H. (2009). Perceived vulnerability to disease: Development and validation of a 15-item self-report instrument. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 541-546.
Glanz K., Rimer B.K., Lewis F.M. , (2002). Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research, and Practice. 3rd ed. San Francisco, Calif: Jossey-Bass.
Henderson, N. (2007). Resiliency-building “hidden” predictors of academic success. In N. Henderson (Ed.). Resilience in Action , pp. 39-43. Ojai, CA: Resiliency in Action, Inc.
Luthar, S.S., Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). The construct of resilience: A critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child Development, 71(3), 543-562.
Masten, A. S., & O'Dougherty W. M. (2010). Resilience over the Lifespan: Developmental Perspectives on Resistance, Recovery, and Transformation. In J. W. Reich, A. J. Zautra & J. S. Hall (Eds.), Handbook of Adult Resilience. New York: The Guilford Press.
Netuveli G, Wiggins R.D, Montgomery S.M, Hildon Z, Blane D. (2008). Mental health and resilience at older ages: bouncing back after adversity in the British Household Panel Survey. Journal of Epidemiological Community Health. Nov 2008;62(11):987-991.
Nyenwe EA, Odia OJ, Ihekwaba AE, Ojule A, Babatunde S. (2003) Type 2 diabetes in adult Nigerians: a study of its prevalence and risk factors in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Diabetes Research Clinical Practice, 62, 177-185.
Park, J. H., Schaller, M., & Crandall, C. S. (2007). Pathogen-avoidance mechanisms and the stigmatization of obese people. Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 410–414.
Richardson, A., Adner, N., & Nordström, G. (2001). Persons with insu-lin-dependent diabetes mellitus: Acceptance and coping ability. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 33, 758-763. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.01717.
Rogers, R. W. (1983). Cognitive and physiological processes in fear appeals and attitude change: A revised theory of protection motivation. In J. Cacioppo & R. Petty (Eds.), Social psychophysiology, pp. 153- 176. New York: Guilford Press.
Rosenstock I.M. (1966).Why people use health services. Milbank Memorial Fund Quartely, 44, 94–127.
Rutter, M. (1985). Resilience in the face of adversity: Protective factors and resistance to Psychiatric disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 598–611.
Schaller, M., and Duncan, L. A. (2007). The behavioral immune system: Its evolution and social psychological implications. In J. P. Forgas, M. G. Haselton, & W. Von Hippel (Eds.), Evolution and the social mind: Evolutionary psychology and social cognition, pp. 293–307. New York: Psychology Press.
Smith, B. W., Dalen, J., Wiggins, K., Tooley, E., Christopher, P., and Bernard, J. (2008). The brief resilience scale: assessing the ability to bounce back. International journal of behavioral medicine, 15(3), 194-200.
Sun J and Stewart D. (2007). Development of population-based resilience measures in the primary school setting. Health Education 2007, 7(6):575-599.
Sutcliffe, K.M., & Vogus, T.J. (2003). Organizing for resilience. In K.S. Cameron, J.E. Dutton, & R.E. Quinn (Eds.), Positive organizational scholarship: Foundations of a new discipline, pp. 94-110. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.
WHO (2008). World health report: reducing risk promoting healthy life. Geneva, World Health Organization.
Willis (1998). Global prevalence of diabetes: estimates for the year 2000 and projections
for 2030. Diabetes Care, 27,1047–1053.
Wolin, S.J. & Wolin, S. (1993). The resilient self: How survivors of troubled families arise above adversity. New York, NY: Villard.
Windle, G., Bennett, K.M., & Noyes, J. (2011). A methodological review of resilience measurement scales. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 9(8), 11–18.
Zimet, G.D., Powell, S.S., Farley, G.K., Werkman, S. and Berkoff, K.A. (1990). Psychometric characteristics of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 55, 610-17.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.