INFLUENCE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS ON RESILIENCY OF TYPE II DIABETIC PATIENTS IN IBADAN, NIGERIA

AJAYI M. S, ADEJUMO A. O

Abstract



Theoretical reviews have established link between psychosocial factors and resilience among diabetics. However there is dearth of empirical findings with regards to the specific role psychodemographic factors play on resiliency of type 2 diabetic patients. Consequently, the study aimed to investigate the role psychodemographic factors play in strengthening the recovery process of people living with type 2 diabetics. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey design. A total of 79 type 2 diabetic patients were selected using the purposive sampling technique from three (3) hospitals in Ibadan North LGA. The study participants comprised of 37 (47%) males and 42 (53%) females with mean age of respondents as 51.19 and standard deviation of 17.56.  Data were collected through a questionnaire consisting of standardized scales that measured the study variables. Results from multiple regression analyses revealed that perceived vulnerability had significant joint prediction on resilience [F (1, 78) = 23.85; p<.01; R2 =.23]. One-way ANOVA revealed that diabetics with low and high social support significantly reported higher resiliency than diabetics with moderate social support [F (1, 77) = 5.122; p<.05]. Chi-square analysis showed significant association between gender and resiliency [(1) =0.017; p<0.05] and education and resiliency [(2) =0.010; p<0.05]. From the findings of the study, perceived vulnerability has predictive utility on resiliency of diabetics and high social support also impacts more than other levels of support on resiliency.  Therefore, need exist on the part of clinical health practitioners who are involved in the care and management of diabetics to work on patient’s perception of risk and as well try to encourage the strong need for social support and network implicated to diabetics adjustment and leading of normal life.


Keywords


Perceived vulnerability, Social support, Demographic factors, Resiliency and Type II diabetic patients

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