Kemi OGUNSOLA, Damilola Olanrewaju LASODE


Effective knowledge sharing among project members is crucial for project-based organizations in order to avoid past mistakes, improve work efficiency, and reduce failure risk of projects. Making appropriate design knowledge accessible to the right architects at the right time is central to team building and for sustaining competencies. However, despite the importance of knowledge sharing culture among design teams, members are not likely to share knowledge because of the potential threat associated with providing critical information to other design team members. This study provides answers to six research questions. Data were collected from 25 architects using one-on-one interviews, ranging from the principal architects to the trainee architects in thirteen architectural firms in the Ibadan metropolis. The study findings revealed that knowledge recovery, synergy and reciprocity are the major factors motivating knowledge sharing among the architects, while the factors inhibiting knowledge sharing are distrust, superiority complex, unwillingness to learn, over-criticism, mediocrity, treachery, and abuse of knowledge. This study therefore recommends attitudes of conflict avoidance, and suggested also that conservative habits should be eliminated to enhance effective sharing of architectural design knowledge; especially design knowledge containing some new thoughts or innovative ideas. The study further recommends that architectural firms should deploy more ICT infrastructure and services that can promote effective knowledge sharing amongst architects.

Full Text:



Ajmal, M. M., Takala, J., and Kekäle, T. (2008), “Role of organizational culture for knowledge sharing in projects”, In PICMET 2008 Proceedings, Cape Town, South Africa, July 27-31, pp. 962-968.

Almeida, M.V., and Soares, A.L. (2014), “Knowledge sharing in project-based organizations: Overcoming the informational limbo”, International Journal of Information Management, 34(6),770-779.

Arayela, O. (2008), “Research and development for an efficient built environment in Nigeria”, In Proceedings of Architects’ Colloquium 2008 Conference, Musa Yar’Adua Centre, Abuja, pp. 123-135.

Awang, M., Kareem, O. A., and Ismai, R. (2014), “Sharing is caring. Why do we have barriers in knowledge sharing?”, The Online Journal of Distance Education and e-Learning, 2(2), 26-33.

Bakker, R. M., Cambré, B., Korlaar, L., and Raab, J. (2011), “Managing the project learning paradox: A set-theoretic approach toward project knowledge transfer”, International Journal of Project Management, 29(5), 494-503.

Bartsch, V., Ebers, M., and Maurer, I. (2013), “Learning in project-based organizations: The role of project teams’ social capital for overcoming barriers to learning”, International Journal of Project Management, 31(2), 239-251.

Blau, P. (1964), Exchange and Power in Social Life. New York: Wiley.

Boh, W. F. (2007), “Mechanisms for sharing knowledge in project-based organizations”, Information and Organization, 17(1), 27-58.

Braun, V., and Clarke, V. (2006), “Using thematic analysis in psychology”, Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101.

Bryman, A., and Bell, E. (2011), Business Research Methods, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bryman, A., and Bell. E. (2007), Business Research Methods, 2nd ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Calantone, R. J., Cavusgil, S. T., and Zhao, Y. (2002), “Learning orientation, firm innovation capability, and firm performance”, Industrial Marketing Management, 31(6), 515-524.

Cramton, C. D. (2001), “The mutual knowledge problem and its consequences for dispersed collaboration”, Organization Science, 12(3), 346-371.

Cropanzano, R., and Mitchell, M. S. (2005), “Social exchange theory: An interdisciplinary review”, Journal of Management, 31(6), 874-900.

Daghfous, A., Belkhodja, O., and Angell, L. C. (2013), “Understanding and managing knowledge loss”, Journal of Knowledge Management, 17(5), pp. 639-660.

Dainty, A.R.J., Qin, J., and Carrillo, P.M. (2005), “Hrm strategies for promoting knowledge sharing within construction project organisations: A case study”, In Kazi, A.S. (Eds.) Knowledge Management in the Construction Industry: A Socio-Technical Perspective. Hershey, PA: Idea Group, pp. 18-33.

Dare-Abel, O.A. (2013), “Information and communication technology (ICT) deployment in architectural firms in Nigeria”, (Doctoral dissertation), Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria.

Davenport, T. H., and Prusak, L. (1998), Working Knowledge: How Organisations Manage What They Know, Harvard Business School Press Boston, MA.

Denscombe, M. (2007), The Good Research Guide for Small-Scale Social Research Projects, Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Duguid, P. (2005), “The art of knowing: Social and tacit dimensions of knowledge and the limits of the community of practice”, The Information Society, 21(2), 109-118.

Gatlin, F. (2013), “Identifying and managing design and construction defects”, Construction Insight from Hindsight, No. 5, pp. 1-11.

Gray, D.E. (2004), Doing Research in the Real World. Sage. p.108.

Gupta, B., Iyer, L.S., and Aronson, J.E. (2000), “A study of knowledge management practices using grounded theory approach”, Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 59(4), 668-672.

Hakim, C. (2000), Research Design: Successful Designs for Social and Economic Research, London: Routledge.

Jackson, P., and Klobas, J. (2008), “Building knowledge in projects: A practical application of social constructivism to information systems development”, International Journal of Project Management, 26(4), 329-337.

Kankanhalli, A., Tan, B.C.Y., and Wei, K.K. (2005), “Contributing knowledge to electronic knowledge repositories: An empirical investigation”, MIS Quarterly, 29(1), 113-145.

Kasimu, M.A., Roslan, A., and Fadhlin, A. (2012), “Knowledge management model in civil Engineering construction firms in Nigeria”, Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 4(6), 936-950.

Kim, S. L., Kim, M., and Yun, S. (2015), “Knowledge sharing, abusive supervision, and support: A social exchange perspective”, Group & Organization Management, 40(5), 599-624.

Kim, W.C., and Mauborgne, R. (1998), “Procedural justice, strategic decision making and the knowledge economy”, Strategic Management Journal, 19(4), 323-338.

Nzekwe, K.C.L. (2014), “Assessment of organisational leadership for knowledge management practice in the Nigerian construction industry”, (Doctoral Dissertation), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Oke, A. E., Ogunsemi, D. R., and Adeeko, O. C. (2013), “Assessment of knowledge management practices among construction professionals in Nigeria”, International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 2(3), 85-92.

Oluwatayo, A.A., and Amole, D. (2014), “Organizational Structure of Architectural Firms and Their Performances”, International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 3(1), 1-12.

Patton, M. Q. (2002), Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods, 3rd ed., Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA.

Paulin, D., and Suneson, K. (2012), “Knowledge transfer, knowledge sharing and knowledge barriers – Three blurry terms in KM”, The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, 10(1), 81-91.

Pemsel, S., and Wiewiora, A. (2013), “Project management office a knowledge broker in project-based organisations”, International Journal of Project Management, 31(1), 31-42.

Randolph, W.A. (1995), “Navigating the journey to empowerment”, Organizational Dynamics, 23(4), 19-32.

Riege, A. (2005), “Three-dozen knowledge sharing barriers managers must consider”, Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(3), 18-35.

Sackmann, S.A., and Friesl, M. (2007), “Exploring cultural impacts on knowledge sharing behaviour in project teams: Results from a simulation study”, Journal of Knowledge Management, 11(6), 142-156.

Schepers, P., and van den Berg, P. T. (2007), “Social factors of work-environment creativity”, Journal of Business and Psychology, 21(3), 407-428.

Styhre, A. (2011), Knowledge Sharing in Professions: Roles and Identity in Expert Communities, Gower Publishing, Ltd.

Sulaiman, N. I. S., and Burke, M. E. (2011), “Global perspectives on knowledge sharing: investigating malaysian online community behaviour”, In 11th International Conference on Knowledge Culture and Change in Organisations.

Vij, S., and Farooq, R. (2014), “Knowledge sharing orientation and its relationship with business performance: A structural equation modeling approach”, IUP Journal of Knowledge Management, 12(3), 17-41.

Wasko, M. M., and Faraj, S. (2005), “Why should I share? Examining social capital and knowledge contribution in electronic networks of practice”, MIS Quarterly, 29(1), 35-57.

Waziri, B. S. (2016), “Design and construction defects influencing residential building maintenance in Nigeria”, Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, 10(3), 313-323.

Yin, R. K. (2003), Case Study Research - Design and Methods, (3rd ed.). London: SAGE Publications.

Zaglago, L., Chapman, C., and Shah, H. (2016), “Barriers to knowledge sharing culture among design team”, In Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering.

Zhang, Z., and Sundaresan, S. (2010), “Knowledge markets in firms: Knowledge sharing with trust and signalling”, Knowledge Management Research & Practice, 8(4), 322-339.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.