Housing is viewed as an important determinant of health while substandard existing housing has been identified as a major public health issue globally. Research demonstrates that the housing circumstances in which children are raised have significant impact upon their development outcomes and wellbeing. The link between hosing and psychological wellbeing has not received adequate attention in the literature.  This study therefore investigates relationship between housing quality and adolescents’ psychological wellbeing in Ibadan southeast local government area of Oyo state. Survey research design was adopted for the study while both primary and secondary data were sourced. A multistage sampling technique was used to select five private and five public secondary schools from existing 29 private and 27 public secondary schools in the study area.  Five students with the best academic results, aged between 14 and 17 years, were purposively selected from same class in each of the selected secondary schools amounting to 50 students.  Places of residence of the selected students were identified and a set of pre-tested questionnaire was used to assess the housing quality and psychological wellbeing of the respondents.  Variables considered in assessing these houses were: residential status; and level of ventilation. Observation check-list was used to assess the housing condition and quality based on its physical condition plus quality and quantity of housing facilities, amenities and services available. Both descriptive and inferential statistics will be used at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that most (60% private and 57.3% public) of the respondents were female. 41.3% and 40.0% of respondents from private and public schools resided in rented apartments; 21.3% and 20.0% of respondents from private and public schools, respectively, resided in areas prone to high noise level (more than 35 db); 84.0% of respondents from private schools and  ---% from public schools resided in well ventilated buildings.  54.7% of students from private schools and 49.3% of respondents from public schools always look forward to doing things that they are used to most times. Housing quality was found to be significantly positively correlated with adolescent's psychological wellbeing (r = 0.208). There was positive relationship between housing quality and adolescent's psychological wellbeing.   Awareness should therefore be created among the parents in order to know the importance of housing quality to adolescents’ psychological wellbeing.


Adolescent, psychological wellbeing, housing quality, Ibadan south east

Full Text:



Afon A (2000). Use of Residents Environment Quality Indicator (EQI) Data in a residential Housing improvement, In Effective Housing in the 21st century, Nigeria. The Environmental Forum, F.U.T.A pp.115-122.

Agbola T.(1994), The politics and administration of housing standards and the structure of Nigerian cities. Urban management and urban violence in Africa, Volume 1, IFRA, Ibadan

Agbola T (1998). The Housing of Nigerians; A Review of policy Development and Implementation. Research Report 14, Development Policy Centre, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Akinola SR (1998). “The Pattern of Housing Quality in Osogbo, Osun State”. Ife J. Environ. Design Manag. pp.109-120.]

American Academy of Child and Adolescent’s Facts for Families, 2008

Anantharajan T (1983). Evaluation of Residential Development through User‟s Rating and Ranking of Environmental Attributes. Proceedings of the IAHS Congress on Housing NW 7–12 Miami Florida Ural ED. (ed.) pp.73-84.

Aribigbola A (2000). Conceptual Issues in Housing Provision in Nigeria. In: Akinbamijo OB, Fawechinmi AB, Ogunsemi DR and Olotuah A (Ed). Effective Housing in the 21st Century Nigeria: Environmental Forum FUTA, Nigeria.

Astrolabe A.M (2002) Architecture in Nigeria practice for Sustainable Environmental Development: A comparative study of modern and indigenous strategies, Journal of the Nigeria institute of Architect, volume 2 (1): 261- 272.

Bradley , RH and Cadwell, B.M (1984) Home observation for measurement of the environment, little rock, Arkansas: University of Kansas press.

Breysse .P et al (2004), the relationship between housing and health: children at risk. Environmental health perspectives,112 (15): 1583-1588.

Coley R et al (2013) Poor quality housing is tied to children’s emotional and behavioural problems, Policy Research Brief, MacArthur foundation Sept 2013.

Dockery ,A.M Ong ,R. Colquhoun, SLi, J and Kendall, G (2013), Housing and children’s’ development and wellbeing: evidence from Australia data, AHURI final report no 201

Eliot M. (2000) the stress process in neighborhood context, Health and place: volume 287-299.

Erikson, Q E., Identity, Youth, and Crisis (New York NY: Nortou 1968).

Filani, M.O, Akintola F.O and ikporupo, C.O (1994), Ibadan region, Rex Charles publication, Ibadan

Jiboye A (2004). An Assessment of the influence of Socio-cultural factors on Housing quality in Osogbo, Nigeria, Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Keal M Baker et al (2010) Assessing health related aspect of housing quality, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health , 64 (9).

Leventhal T, Brooks-Gunn J (2000), The neighborhoods they live in: the effects of neighborhood residence on upon child adolescents’ outcome, Pub Med, 126: 309-337.

Linley P.A et al (2009) Measuring happiness: the higher order factor structure of subjective and psychological wellbeing measures. Personality and individual differences, 97, 878- 884.

Olayiwola LM, Adeleye A, Jiboye AD (2006). “Effect of Socio-cultural factors on Housing quality in Osogbo, Nigeria”. International Symposium on Construction in Developing Economies: New issues and challenges. Santiago, Chile. January, 18-29.

Pevalin DJ et al (2008) the dynamics of unhealthy housing in the UK: a panel data analysis, Housing Studies 23 (5) 670-695.

Shek, D. (1992). Meaning in life and psychological well-being: an empirical study using the Chinese version of the purpose in life questionnaire. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 153, 185-190.

Thomson, H., & Thomas, S. (2012). External validity in healthy public policy: application of the RE-AIM tool to the field of housing improvement. BMC Public Health; 12:633.

Wachs, TD (1992), the nature of nurture. New York: Sage.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.