Enobakhare UWADIAE, Israel O AINA


The objective of the study was to examine the common trend of substances used among a group of tertiary institution students, the presence of psychopathology and the relationship between them. The students of a tertiary educational institution in Edo State (Edo State Polytechnic, Usen) formed the study population. The instrument was designed for socio-demographic data collection and the 12 item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ 12) to screen for psychopathology with a cut off point of 0/1. A total of 172 respondents participated. Males were more (61.6%) with a mean age of 23.32±6.20. A percentage of 43.6 consumed alcohol, while smoking was found in 29.1% and 51.8% do not consume any psychoactive substance. Approximately 54.65% of the respondents had psychopathologies, but this did not have any statistically significant relationship with substance use. Substance use was not significantly associated with psychiatric morbidity in this study population.


Substance, psychopathology, morbidity

Full Text:



Adayonfo, E O. (2014) Kolanut; A friend or foe of students in a Nigerian university. Journal of Medicine and

Biomedical Research.13 (1) 33-39

Adeyemo, F.O., Ohaeri B., Okpala P.U. and Oghale O (2016);Prevalence of Drug Abuse Amongst University

students in Benin City, Nigeria. Public Health Research;6:2: 31-37

Arimiya’u AY., Obembe A., Audu MD. and Afolaranmi TO.,(2013); Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among inmates

in Jos maximum security prison; Open Journal of Psychiatry;3;12-17.

Brooks J.S, Cohen P. and Brook D.W; (1998); Longitudinal study of co-occuring psychiatric Disorder and

substance use; Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 37(2):322-330 .

Enebeli E. (2014); Gender disparity in Nigerian Schools enrolment; Aspen Journals; Vol 7 No 1.

Ferdinand RF., Blum M. and Verhulst FC; (2001); Psychopathology in adolescence predicts Substance Use in young

adulthood; Addiction 96(6), 861-870.

Friedman A.S, Utada A.T, Glickman N.W, Morrisey M.R; (1987); Psychopathology as an antecedent to and as a

‘’consequence’’ of Substance Use in Adolescents; Journal of Drug Education,17(3) 233-244.

Grant B.F., Dawnson DA., (1997); Age of onset of alcohol use and its association with DSM-IV alcohol abuse and

dependence: results from the national longitudinal alcohol epidemiological survey;9;103-110.

Heffner C.L., (2014); Psychopathology AllPsych ; Last Accessed 04-05-17.

Ihezue U.H., (1988); Alcohol and drug taking among medical students at a Nigerian University campus: Part 2.

Sociodemographic factors of aetiological significance. Journal of National Medical Association 80(2) 191-195.

Nutt, D.; King, L. A.; Saulsbury, W. and Blakemore, C. (2007). "Development of a rational scale to assess the harm of

drugs of potential misuse; Lancet; 369;1047-1053

Obot I.S (2000); The measurement of drinking patterns and alcohol problems in Nigeria; Journal of substance


Obot IS (2007); Nigeria: Alcohol and society today; Addiction;102(4),519-522.

Uwadiae E. (2011); Psychoactive substance use/abuse among students of Igbinedion University Okada, New

challenges. 9(2); 31-34

Uwadiae E and Adayonfo E. O.,(2016); Association between characteristics of students of a University of education

and past year psychoactive substance use. Ife Psychologia , 22,;87-94

Uwadiae E and Osasona S O.(2012) prevalence of psychoactive substance use among students of the university of

Benin. Medicine Review 6(2, 5-8.

Uwadiae.E., Otakpor A. N. and Akhigbe K.O., (2010); Point prevalence of Psychiatric Morbidity among Commercial

Motor Vehicle Drivers in Benin City Nigeria. Journal of medicine and Biomedical Research,.9 (2).144-150

White, H.R, Xie M, Thompson W, Loeber R., and Stouthamer-Loeber M.(2001) Psychopathology as a predictor of

adolescent drug use trajectories. Psychological and l Addictive Behaviour.;15:210–218. Last accessed 30-04-17.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.