SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR, UNWANTED PREGNANCY AND TRIPARTITE LEVELS OF DECISION-MAKING REGARDING INDUCED ABORTION AMONG NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
This study examines factors that influence sexual behaviour, unwanted pregnancy and decision-making regarding induced abortion among Nigerian undergraduate students using University of Lagos as the study location. The in-depth interview research method was adopted to achieve the objectives of the study. The findings of the study reveal a high level of sexual networking and unwanted pregnancy among students. In addition, there are three types of decisions to be taken when an unwanted pregnancy is to be terminated by undergraduate students. The three decisions are: the decision to terminate the pregnancy, the decision on the nature of the method to be used to terminate the pregnancy, and the decision on the place where the pregnancy will be terminated. These three decisions are guided by other tripartite factors which are structural, personal, and operational in nature. The study further reveals that most of the decision-making regarding induced abortion by undergraduate students were done without proper consideration of associated operational factors. Consequently, most of the procured induced abortions were carried out in a clandestine, hasty, and unsafe condition. These findings suggest the need to develop appropriate intervention programmes to educate Nigerian undergraduate students that are sexually active on the need to consistently adopt efficient contraceptive methods in order to prevent unwanted pregnancies. In addition, students must be enlightened to consider safety in their decision-making regarding induced abortion.
Alubo, O. (1990). “Doctoring as Business: A study of Entrepreneurial Medicine in Nigeria.” Medical Anthropology, 12. Pp. 305-324.
Aniekwu, N. (2003). Abortion and reproductive rights in Nigeria - A review of criminal laws and legislative policies. Annals of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine. University of Benin, Nigeria. 2(1). Pp. 1-10.
Bankole, A., Sedgh, G., Oye-Adeniran, B.A., Adewole, I.F., Hussain, R., & Singh, S. (2004). “Abortion seeking behaviour among Nigerian women.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, Boston, MA, USA, April 1–3, 2004.
Bankole, A., Oye-Adeniran, B. A., Singh, S., Adewole, I. F., Wulf, D., Sedgh, G. & Hussain, R. (2006). Unwanted pregnancy and induced abortion in Nigeria: Causes and consequences. The Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI), New York.
Coleman, (1989). “Rationality and Society.” Rationality and Society,1:5-9.
Crock, J. R. (2007). Abortion decision-making attitudes of adolescents attending Roman Catholic Schools. A PhD thesis submitted to the Department of Family Studies and Human Services, Kansa State University. Proquest: Kansas.
Edjah, K. (1999). “Some aspect of the adolescent sexual behaviour” Ife Psychologia 7(2). Pp. 128-138.
Elster, J. (1989). Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Harrison, K. (1997). “Maternal Mortality in Nigeria: The real issues” African Journal of Reproductive Health 1(1). Pp. 7-13.
Hollis, (1987). The Cunning of Reason. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Holsti, O. R. (1969). Content Analysis for the Social Sciences and Humanities. Readings, M. A. Addison Wesley.
Huber, D., Curtis, C., Irani, L., Pappa, S., & Arrington, L. (2016). “Post Abortion Care: 20 Years of Strong Evidence on Emergency Treatment Family Planning and Other Programming Components.” Global Health: Science and Practice 4(3):481-494.
Lahey, B. (2004). Psychology – An Introduction (8th edition). New York: McGraw Hill.
Lear, D. (1997). Sex and Sexuality: Risk and relationships in the age of AIDS (1st edition). Fairford: Sage publications.
Lucas, E. (2000). “Demographic Characteristics, Human Sexuality and Reproductive Control.” Society and Reproductive Health. Pp. 2-9.
Luker, K. (1975). Taking Chances: Abortion and the Decision not to Contracept: Berkeley, Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Makinwa-Adebusoye, P., Singh, S. & Audam, S. (1997). Nigerian Health Professionals’ Perceptions about Abortion Practice. International Family Planning Perspectives. 24(4). Pp.155-161.
Moore, S. & Rosenthal, D. (1993). Sexuality in Adolescence, London: Routledge.
Mugore, S., Kassouta, N.T.K., Sebikali, B., Lundstrom, L., & Saad, A. (2016). “Improving the Quality of Post Abortion Care Services in Togo Increased Uptake of Contraception.” Global Health: Science and Practice 4(3):495-505.
National Population Commission & ORC Macro (2003). Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. Calverton, MD,
USA and Abuja.
Norton, P. & Walls, M.V. (2002). “Perception of Sexual Behaviour, abortion and unwanted pregnancies. Reproductive Health Journal (Internet). Pp. 71 - 81.
Onwuamanam, D.O. (1982). “Sexual Activity of School-going Adolescents in Nigeria”. Adolescence, 17(65). Pp. 81-87.
Oyefara, J. L. (2011). Socio-Cultural Context of Adolescent Fertility in Yoruba Society: Insights from Osun State, Nigeria. Lagos: Concept Publications Limited.
Oyefara, J.L and L.A. Bisiriyu (2007). “Knowledge and Attitude of Nigerian Female undergraduate Students toward STIs/HIV/AIDS pandemic: University of Lagos Example”. Gender and Behaviour 5(2):1340-1359.
Olurode, L. & J.L. Oyefara (2010). Issues in Sexual Harassment in Nigeria’s Tertiary Institutions: Conspiracy, Compromises and Challenges. Lagos: Rebonik Publications Ltd
Olurode, L. & J.L. Oyefara (2013). “Diverse Expressions of Sexuality in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria: The University of Lagos Example” in Falola, T. and B. Teboh (eds.) The Power of Gender, The Gender of Power: Women’s Labor, Rights, and Responsibilities in Africa, New Jersey: Africa World Press. Pp. 631-661. (USA).
Pressat, R. (1985). The Dictionary of Demography, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.
Ritzer, G. (2008) Sociological Theory (7th edition) New York: McGraw Hill Higher Education.
Sachdew, S. P. (1975). Factors relating to the Abortion Decision among Premaritally Pregnant Females. University of Wisconsin, Madison.
Sedgh, G. (2012). Induced Abortion: Incidence and Worldwide from 1995 to 2008. Lancet. 372(9563). Pp. 1927-1940.
Shah, I. & Ahman, E. (2010). “Unsafe abortion in 2008: Global and Regional Levels and Trends”. Reproductive Health Matters. 18(36). Pp. 90-101.
Sismondo, S. (1993). "Some Social Constructions." Social Studies of Science, 23. Pp. 515-523.
Sule-Odu A. O., Olatunji, A. O. & Akindele, R. A. (2002). Complicated induced abortion in Sagamu, Nigeria. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 22(1). Pp. 56-61.
The Alan Guttmacher Institute and Campaign against Unwanted Pregnancy (2003). Advancing sexual and reproductive health worldwide through research, policy and public education. AGI: New York.
United Nations (2011). World Contraceptive Use 2010. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York: UN.
Usman H. (1997). “Reproductive Health and Rights: The case of Northern Nigerian Hausa women” African Development XXII (1). Pp. 79-94.
Vlassoff, M. (2009). Estimates of Health Care System: Costs of Unsafe Abortion in Africa and Latin America. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. 35(3):118-136.
Winner, L. (1993). "Upon Opening the Black Box and Finding it Empty: Social Constructivism and the Philosophy of Technology." Science Technology & Human Values, 18 (3). Pp. 362-378.
World Health Organization (2011). Unsafe abortion: Global and regional estimates of the incidence of unsafe abortion and associated mortality in 2008. Sixth edition., Geneva: WHO.
World Health Organization (2012). Facts on Induced Abortion Worldwide. Geneva: WHO.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.