DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A SCALE TO MEASURE SOCIAL SUPPORT AMONG INFORMAL CAREGIVERS OF CHILDREN WITH INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY.
Social support has long been regarded to mitigate distress and considerable research has been directed at its role in parents caring for a child with intellectual disabilities. Beyond the assessment of sources and quality of social support, this study included perceived cognitive assessment of these support received. We conducted a qualitative study to determine perception of the nature and type social support received. Themes were generated, and those related to sources, nature and assessment of social support were used in constructing a 9-item Cerebral Palsy Social Support Scale (CPSSS). A descriptive cross-sectional survey was then conducted among 150 mothers of children with Cerebral Palsy, aged 25-60, in a Clinical settings of Tertiary hospitals in South Western Nigeria to assess the reliability and validity of the scale. Construct validity using exploratory factor analysis factored and Varimax rotated the scale into three dimensions (KMO = .61, X2 = 428.42, df = 36, p<.001) with items loading ranged from 0.68 to .98. Internal Construct validity shows that the three dimensions correlated with CPSSS overall scores. Two of the three subscales (Emotional/Informational support, Financial/Moral Support) were sufficiently related while façade (Stigmatized) support was non-correlate of other components Convergent validity was established between CPSSS and Multidimensional Perceived Social Scale (r = .45, p<.001). The overall CPSSS (α =.88) and its sub scales demonstrated meritorious reliabilities (Emotional/Informational support, α =.90, Financial/Moral Support, α =.72; façade (Stigmatized) support, α =.89). The brief Cerebral Palsy Social Support Scale was a reliable and valid means of assessing the nature of social support received by Cerebral Palsy caregiver in Nigeria.
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