PREVALENCE OF PREMENTRUAL SYNDROME AND COPING STRATEGIES AMONG SCHOOL GIRLS.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), also called premenstrual Tension (PMT), is a psychosomatic reproductive health problem affecting women .It is a significant source of physical and psychological morbidities among school girls . It has been associated with school and lecture absenteeism, poor academic performance, substance abuse, relationship problems and poor quality of life. Some conditions do not kill but they can last long enough to disrupt lifestyle and affect overall general health. The study investigated; the prevalence of PMS and the strategies used to cope with it among secondary school girls in Zaria, Kaduna State , Nigeria. Participants were 187 junior and senior secondary school students selected through stratified random sampling technique from both private and government secondary schools in Zaria. More than 64 percent of the participants were within the age bracket of 15-18years. Questionnaires assessing PMS, coping strategies and socio-demographic characteristics were administered to the participants. Data collected were analyzed using SPSS software. Results indicate that PMS was highly prevalent (69.5 percent) among participants. A total of 35.4 percent of them had moderate to severe P M S while 34.1 percent had very severe symptoms. Data also revealed that the participants majorly used passive coping strategies to deal with their PMS. More active behavioural coping strategies were recommended to reduce distress and improve quality of life.
Antai, A. B.; Udezi, A. W. , Okon, U. J. And Umuoiyo, A. U. (2004): Premenstrual Syndrome: Prevalence in Students Of University Of Calabar, Nigeria. African Journal of Biomedical Research Vol. 7, No 2. www.ncbi.nim.nih.gov/pubmed/19301717 Accessed April, 2016.
Bakhsh, N. M., Mousavi, M and Khodabandel, G. (2009): Prevalence And Severity Of Premenstrual Symptoms Among Iranian Female University Students. Journal Of Pakistan Medical Association, April. Www.Researchgate.Net/Publication/24... Accessed April, 2016.
Billings and Moos, R. H. (1981).Gender Differences in coping w.w.w.simplypsychology.Org. Accessed April, 2016.
Carver, C. S. (1997): You Want To Measure Coping But Your Protocol Is Too Long; Consider Brief COPE. International Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 4, 91-100.
Chesney, M. A And Tasto, L. (1976). The Development of Menstrual Symptoms Questionnaire (MSQ). Behaviour , Research And Therapy, October ; 13 (4) : 237-244.
Ezeh, O.H.(2004). Premenstrual Syndrome, Locus of Control and Personality. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis University Of Jos, Nigeria.
Hollahan, C. J and Moos, R. H. (1987). Risk Resistance And Psychological Distress: A Longitudinal Analysis With Adults And Children. Journal Of Abnormal Psychology, 96, 3-13.
Lazarus, R. S. And Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal and Coping. New York: Springer
Moghadam, A.D., Kaikhavani, S. And Sayehmiri, K (2013): The World-Wide Prevalence Of Premenstrual Gynecology, 16 (65): 8-17.
Okeahialam, B. N (2008): Prevalence Of Premenstrual Syndrome And Its Relationship With Blood Pressure In Young Adult Females. African Journal Of Medical Sciences. Www.Ncbi.Nim.Nih.Gov/Pubmed/19301714
Samadi, Z . ,Taghian, F. And Valian , M (2013). The Effects Of 8 Weeks Of Regular Aerobic Exercise On The Symptoms Of Premenstrual Syndrome In Non-Athlete Girls. Iranian Journal Nursing And Midwifery Research. 18 (1): 14-19.
Tailor, S. (1998): Coping Strategies. Www.Macses.Ucsf.Edu...Coping.Php. Accessed April 2016
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.