INTERNET ADDICTION AMONG UNDERGRADUATES IN UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN: IMPERATIVE FOR COUNSELLING INTERVENTION
The extent to which psychological and contextual factors (locus of control, self-concept and parenting styles) correlate with internet addiction among undergraduates in University of Ibadan was examined in this study. Survey design of correlational type was adopted to execute the study. Simple random sampling technique was utilized to draw four hundred and forty-two (Male: 247=female=195) undergraduates with age range of 16 to 26 year (=1.44; SD=.49) from University of Ibadan. The Data source was four self-report questionnaire namely; Young (1996) internet Addition Test; Darling and Toyokawa (1997) Parenting Style Inventory; Levenson (1974) Locus of Control scale and Robinson (1989) self concept questionnaire. Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation and multiple regression were used to analyze data at 0.05 level of significance. Result show that the hypothesized variables have significant correlation with internet addition. The composite contribution of the independent variables to the prediction of internet addition was significant. It jointly contributed for about 20% of the variance in the prediction of internet addition of the respondents. Locus of control was the most potent (=0.128; t =2.554; P<0.05) while self concept had the least contribution to the prediction of internet addition. The outcome has implications for parents, psychologists, educators and policy makers.
Adomi, E.E. (2008). Collection development and management. Benin City: Ethiope.
Alam , S.S., Hashim,N.M., Ahmad, M.Wel, M., Nor, S. M. (2014). Negative and positive impact of internet addiction on young adults: Empirical study in Malaysia. Intangible Capital. 10. (3), 619-638
Anunobi, C. V. (2006). Dynamics of Internet usage: A case of students of the Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria. Educational Research and Reviews, 1(6).
Armstrong,L., Phillips,J.G and Saling,L.L. (2013). Potential determinants of heavier internet usage. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies archive. 53. (4), 537-550
Artemis, Tsikika; Elena, Critselis; Amalia Louizou; Mari, Jarikian; Eugenia, Marangou;Georgios and Kormas, M. (2011). Determinants of Internet Addiction among Adolescents: A Case-control study. The Scientific World Journal. (1)1:866-874
Asemi, A. (2005). Information searching habits of internet users: A case study on the Medical Science University of Isafahan, Iran. Webology 2 (1).
Awoleye, O.M., Siyanbola, W.O., and Oladapo, O.F. (2008). Adoption assessment of Internet usage amongst undergraduates in Nigeria universities: A case study approach, Journal of Technology Management and Innovation 3 (1): 84-89
Bahrainian, A.and Khazaee .A. (2014). Internet Addiction among Students: the Relation of Self-esteem and Depression. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences 3.1-06
Barnhart, C., Raval, V., Jansari, A., Raval, P. (2013). Perception of Parenting Style Among College Students in India and the United States. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22, 684-693.
Bastani, S. (2008). Gender Division in Computer and Internet Application: Investigation of the Students of Tehran Universities. Women Studies, 5, 45-64
Baumeister, R. F. (Ed.) (1999). The self in social psychology. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press (Taylor & Francis).
Baumrind, D.(1978). Parental disciplinary patterns and social competence in children. Youth Soc.; 9. 239-276).
Baumrind D. (1991). The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance use. Journal of Early Adolescence 11(1): 56-95. Retrieved on February, 2015 from http://www.parentingscience.com/parenting-styles.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and Design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
Carlson, N.R. (2007). Psychology: The Science of Behaviour - 4th Canadian ed.. Toronto, ON: Pearson Education Canada
Chak, K, and Leung, L. (2004).Shyness and locus of control as predictors of internet addiction and internet use. Cyberpsychology and Behaviour. 7(5):559-70
Chandran, D. (2000). Use of Internet resources and services in S. V. University, Tirupathi environment, Conference on Information Services in a Networked Environment in India. Organized by INFLIBNET, 18- 20 December 2000, Ahemdabad.
Chuan-Bu,W, (2013). "Gray matter and white matter abnormalities in online game addiction". Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 92: 3221–3.
Cheng,C. ,and Yee-lam, L.A (2014). "Internet Addiction Prevalence and Quality of (Real) Life: A Meta-Analysis of 31 Nations Across Seven World Regions". Cyberpsychology, Behaviour, and Social Networking 17 (12): 755–760. doi:10.1089/cyber.2014.0317
Darling, N.,and Toyokawa,P.(1997). Construction and Validation of the Parenting Style Inventory II (PSI-II). http://www.oberlin.edu/faculty/ndarling/lab/psiii.pdf
Ersche, K. D.,Turton, A. J., Croudace, T., and Štochl, J. (2012).Who Do You Think Is in Control in Addiction? A Pilot Study on Drug-related Locus of Control Beliefs. Addictive Disorders. 11. (4):195–205
Faraci, P., Craparo, G. Messina, R. and Severino, S. (2013). Internet Addiction Test (IAT): Which is the Best Factorial Solution?. Journal of Medical Internet Res15 (10):e225
Frangos, C. C., Frangos, C. C. and Sotiropoulos, I. (2011). Problematic Internet Use among Greek University Students. An ordinal logistic Regression with risk factors of negative psychological beliefs, pornographic sites and online games. Cyberpsychology behaviour and social networking, 14(1-2), 51-58.
Hanaver, D., Dible, T., Fortin, J., and Col, N.F. (2004). Internet use among community college students: Implications in designing health care interventions.Journal of American College Health 52 (5):197-202.
Hosein J., Hiang, A. Robab, S. Jee, S.and Hee, M. (2016). Facebook Addiction among Malaysian Students. International Journal of Information and Education Technology. 6. 465-469
Ilo, I.P., and Ifijeh, G. (2010). Impact of Internet on final year students' research: A case study of Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria. Library Philosophy and Practice. Retrieved on Apriel, 2015 from http://unllib.unl.edu/LPP/ilo-ifijeh.htm
Jagboro, K.O. (2003). A study of internet usage in Nigerian universities: A case study of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. First Monday 8(2-3). Available: http://www.firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/1033/954
Jacobs-Lawson, J. M.,Waddell, E. L., and Webb, A.K. (2012)."Predictors of Health Locus of Control in Older Adults". Current Psychology 30 (2): 173–183. doi:10.1007/s12144-011-9108-z.
Jianjun, Z., Zhang, W. and Zhenzhou Bao, C. ( 2015). Early adolescent Internet game addiction in context: How parents, school, and peers impact youth. Computers in Human Behavior. 50: 159-168
Judge, T. A.; Locke, E. A. and Durham, C. C. (1997). "The dispositional causes of job satisfaction: A core evaluations approach". Research in Organizational Behavior 19: 151–188
Kalmus, V., and Ólafsson,L.K. (2015). Does It Matter What Mama Says: Evaluating the Role of Parental Mediation in
European Adolescents’ Excessive Internet Use. Children & Society,29,2: 122-133
Kaur, A. (2005). Internet facility at GNDU: A survey, National Seminar on Academic Libraries in the Modern Era. Organized by IASLIC December 2000, Bhopa
King, D. L., Delfabbro, P. H., and Griffiths, M. D. (2012). Clinical interventions for technology-based problems: Excessive Internet and video game use. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 26, 43-56
Király,O. Mark, D. Z.,Demetrovics, G.( 2015). Internet Gaming Disorder and the DSM-5: Conceptualization, Debates, and Controversies. Current Addiction Reports. 2: 254-262
Ko CH, Yen J.Y. and Chen, C.S.(2008) Psychiatric Comorbidity ofInternet Addiction in College Students: An Interview Study. CNS Spectr.13:147-153
Kumar, R., and Kaur, A. (2005). Internet and its use in the Engineering College of Punjab, India: A case study. Webology 2 (4): 1-18.Retrieved on March, 2015 from http:// www. webology. org/2005/v2n4/a21.html
Kuss, D. J., and Griffiths, M. D. (2012b). Online gaming addiction in children and adolescents: A review of empirical research. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 1(1), 3-22.
Levenson, H. 1973. Multidimensional locus of control in psychiatric patients. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.41:397– 404
MacDonald, G., and Leary, M.(2005). Why does social exclusion hurt? The relationship between social and phsical pain. Psychological bulletin, 131, 202-223
Masters, K. (2015). "Social Networking Addiction among Health Sciences Students in Oman". Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal 15 (3): 357–363. doi: 10.18295/ squmj.2015. 15.03.009
McLeod, S. A. (2008). Self Concept. Retrieved on July, 2015 from www.simplypsychology. org/self-concept.html
Meerkerk . (2009). "The Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS)". CyberPsychology & Behavior 12: 1–6. doi:10.1089/cpb.2008.0181
Moreno, M. A, Jelenchick, L.A, and Christakis, D.A. (2013). "Problematic internet use among older adolescents: A conceptual framework". Computers and Human Behavior 29: 1879–1887. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2013.01.053.
Mueller, M. L. (2010). Networks and States: The Global Politics of Internet Governance. MIT Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-262-01459-5
Niemz K, Griffiths M, and Banyard P. (2005). Prevalence of pathological Internet use among university students and correlations with self-esteem, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), and disinhibition. Cyberpsychology and Behavior. 8.(6):562–570.
Norman, P., and Bennett, P. (1995). "3. Health Locus of Control". In Conner, M., Norman, P. Predicting Health Behaviour. Buckingham: Open University Press. pp. 62–94.
Ojo, and Omoyemiju (2014) Relationship between internet addiction and academic locus of control of students in a selected University in Nigeria. The Counsellor, 33.1:
Oyedun, G.U. (2007). Internet use in the library of Federal University of Technology, Minna: A case study. Gateway Library Journal 10(1): 23-32.
Rena H.P.,Pavlina, R., and Paul, S. (2007). A preliminary assessment of Google scholar as a source of EAP students’ research materials. Internet and Higher Education, 10(1), 65-76.
Penny, T. (2006). Early years. Oxford: Heinenmann Educational Publishers.
Robson (1989). Development of a new self-report questionnaire to measure self-esteem. Psychological Medicine, 19, 513-518.
Rosen, L. D. (2012). iDisorder: Understanding Our Obsession with Technology and Overcoming Its Hold On Us. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9780230117570
Rosenthal, M. (2014). "Knowing Yourself and Your Children". Retrieved on March,2015 from www.drma.com.
Rotter, J. B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement: Psychological Monographs: General & Applied 80 (1) 1966, 1-28.
Salaam, M.O. (2003). A survey of the use of Internet services in Nigerian university libraries. ASSET Series A, 13(3): 115-121.
Salaam, M.O., and Adegbore, A. M. (2010). Internet access and use by students of private universities in Ogun State, Nigeria. Library Philosophy and Practice. Retrieved n August,2015 from http:// unllib. unl.edu/LPP/ salaam-adegbore.htm
Salako, O.A., and Tiamiju, M.A. (2007). Use of search engines for research by postgraduate students of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. African Journal of Library, Achieves and Information Science 7(2):103-115.
Santrock, J.W. (2007). A topical approach to life-span development, third Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Shitta, M.B.K. (2002). The impact of information technology on vocational and technology education for self reliance. Journal of VOC & Tech.Education, 1(1).
Turel, O. and Serenko, A. (2010). "Is mobile email addiction overlooked?" (PDF). Communications of the ACM 53 (5): 41–43. doi:10.1145/1735223.1735237
Weng, Chuan-Bu (2013). "Gray matter and white matter abnormalities in online game addiction". Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 92: 3221–3.
Widyanto, L. and McMurran, M. (2004).The psychometric properties of the internet addiction test. Cyberpsychology and Behavaviour. 7(4):443-50
Wong, C.C, Mill J, and Fernandes C (2011). "Drugs and addiction: an introduction to epigenetics". Addiction 106 (3): 480–9. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03321.x.
Williams, K., Ciarrochi, J., and Heaven, P. (2012). Inflexible Parents, Inflexible Kids: A 6-Year Longitudinal Study of Parenting Style and the Development of Psychological Flexibility in Adolescents. Journal Of Youth & Adolescence, 41(8), 1053–1066.
Young, K. (2009). Understanding online gaming addiction and treatment issues for adolescents. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 37 (5); 355--356.
Young, K. S. (2004). Internet Addiction: A New Clinical Phenomenon and Its Consequences. American Behavioral Scientist, 48, 402-415.http:// dx. Doi.org/10.1177/ 00027 64204270278
Young, K. S. (1996).Internet Addiction: The Emergence of a New Clinical Disorder. Cyber Psychology & Behaviour, 1, 237 244. Retrieved on May, 2015 from http:// www. netaddiction.com/ articles/new disorder.pdfhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cpb.1998.1.237
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.