ASSESSMENT OF FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO FLOOD DISASTER IN IBADAN METROPOLIS: IMPLICATION FOR ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH EDUCATION
Climate change has brought with it some forms of extreme weather events. One of such is heavy rainfall which often leads to flood. In recent times, flood disaster has been a regular occurrence destroying lives and property. This study was carried out to identify and assess contributing factors to flood disaster in Ibadan metropolis. The study investigated the contributions of variables such as heavy rainfall, drainage system, waste disposal arrangement, the dumping of refuse inside waterways, the role of environmental health officers and level of adherence to the city master plan. Expost facto research design was adopted for the study. The population comprised all residents of Ibadan metropolis. The sample consisted of seven hundred and fifty (750) respondents. Respondents were sampled from flood affected areas in five Local Government Areas of Oyo State, Nigeria. The instrument used was self-constructed questionnaire with 0.78 reliability co-efficient. The data obtained were analyzed using frequency counts, percentages and inferential statistics of regression. The findings revealed that dumping of refuse inside waterways, attitude of environmental health officers, heavy rainfall, drainage system and poor adherence to city master-plan contributed to flood disaster in Ibadan metropolis. Among the factors that contributed significantly are heavy rain and dumping of refuse inside waterways. It is implied from the findings that there is urgent need for environmental health education for the population in order to encourage proper disposal of waste among residents of Ibadan metropolis.
Adebayo W.O and Jegede A.O. (2010). The Environmental Impact of Flooding on Transportation and Landuse Nigeria. African Research, 390-400.
Adeloye, A. (2012). Noah’s Flood in Ibadan. www.netjeternews.com Accessed 12 August, 2012.
Adikari and Yoshitani . (2009). Global Trends in Water-Related Disaster: An insight for Policymakers. The United Nations World Water Assessment. www.unesco.org publishing Accessed 12 August 2012.
Ajala, J.A.(2003). Globalization and environment: The Human ecology system. Full Bright Alumni Association of Nigeria. PP 41-48
Ayotunde, C.O, (2008) Education as a Strategy for Environmental Sustainability in Nigeria .In M. Boucouvalas & R. Aderinoye . Education for Millennium Development:Essays in Honour of Professor Michael Omolewa. Ibadan Spectrum Books Limited.
Brooks, N. (2003).Vulnerability risk and Adaptation: A Conceptual Frameworks. Tyndal Center for Climate Change Research. Working Paper 38 PP 20.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (1989). Health Assessment of the Population affected by Flood Condition-Khartoum, Sudan MMWR Morbid Mortal Weekly Report. Public Medicine Journal 37: 785-758.
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2005) www.iifrc.org. Accessed 9 August 2012.
MET office ( 2003). Flood: A Risk. Available at www.met.office.gov.uk/education/historic/flood.html. Accessed 10 August 2012.
Moronkola, O.A 1999. Overview of Health Education. In O Moronkola (ed). Essential of Human Kinetics and Health Education. Ibadan Codak Publication.
Nwankwo, B.O. (2004). Environmental sanitation and Health. Owerri; Colon Concepts. PP 12-19
Nigerian Red Cross. (2011). 102 died in Ibadan Flood Disaster. Retrieved from www.digitaljournal.com/article on 21 March 2013.
National Weather service 2006. Manual. 10-950.
Ogunyemi, E.S. (2002). The Menace of Flood Disaster: A case of Surulere Local Government. Lagos Nigeria. Yaba College of Technology, Press.
Okali, D.U. (2008). Climate change and sustainable Development: Challenge to Nigeria: In Popoola, O. Adetimirin, Olorunisola (Eds) Contemporary issues in sustainable Development. Lesson for and challenges to Nigeria. Nigeria: The Postgraduate School University of Ibadan.
Tomori, L. (1979). Origin of Ibadan Land Macos. Retrieved from Macos consultancy.com/publication Accessed on 10 April 2013.
Union of Concerned Scientist , (2011). How does climate change contribute to heavy rain and flooding. Retrieved from http://wwww.climatechange. Assessed on 31st Oct., 2013
United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (2003) Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction (Working Document) Available at http://www.adrc.or.jp/publications/terminlogy/top/html Accessed on 15 August, 2012.
UNESCO/UNEP. (2008). Education for Sustainable Development Toolkit. Retrieved 10th April, 2013 from http://www.esdtoolkit/unesco.org
UNFCCC. (2007). Climate Change: Impact, Vulnerabilities and Adaptation in Developing Countries. Retrieved 10 April, 2013 from http://wwwunfcc.int/resources/dors/publications.pdf.
Ward, R and Smith, R.(2008). Flood Physical Processes and Human Impact. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Washington State of Ecology (2012) Climate Change Available at http://www.ecg.wa.gov/copyright.html Accessed 20 October 2013
Wikipedia . Environmental Health 2013 Retrieved from en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/ on 10 August, 2013.
World Health Organization. (2004). The World Report Geneva.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.