EFFECT OF HEALTH EDUCATION ON KNOWLEDGE AND PREVENTION OF HEPATITIS INFECTION AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IBADAN NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OYO STATE

FAMUYIWA Sikiru Aderemi, BUKO Israel Oluwaseun

Abstract



 


            The study examined the effect of health education on knowledge and prevention of hepatitis infection among senior secondary school students in Ibadan North Local Government Area of Oyo State. The research design was pre-test, post test, control group, quasi-experimental design. A total of 180 students were selected from SS1 and SS2 through Multistage sampling techniques. A self-structured questionnaire and instructional guide on health education and hepatitis B were constructed and used for the research. Five research hypotheses were formulated and tested. Data were analyzed using Descriptive statistics  and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) at 0.05  level of significance. Finding showed that there was a significant difference in the pre test and post test score of secondary school students following health education intervention, on the knowledge of hepatitis B (F(2,177) = 12.708, P <.05, =.067).), causes of Hepatitis B (F(2,177) = 7.191, P <.05, =.039), mode of transmission of Hepatitis B (F(2,177) = 78.683, P <.05, =.308)., signs and symptoms of hepatitis B (F(2,177) = 35.294, P <.05, =.166), prevention of hepatitis B(F(2,177) = 17.117, P <.05, =.088), following a four weeks health education programme in Ibadan North Local Government Area of Oyo State. Based on these findings, the study recommended that health education/ health campaign should be directed to school students and Specific risk practices such as unsafe sexual intercourse, multiple sexual partners, sharing of sharp instruments for body piercing and unhealthy medical instrumentations should be discouraged. Governments should make screening free and there should be an adequate management plan for those who tested positive and vaccination of those who tested negative. Existing childhood immunization programs should be intensified to improve coverage.

 



Keywords


Hepatitis B, signs and symptoms,

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ananthanarayan, Paniker, (2009), “Type B Hepatitis” Textbook of Microbiology 8thedition. Hyderabad Universities Press Put Ltd. Pp 5;38-44.

Bacq Y, (2011), The Liver in Pregnancy UK, Wiley Blackwell. Retrieved on 20thDecember, 2014 from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.

Bell B.P., Vogt T.M, Wise M.E, and Finelli, (2008). Declining hepatitis; A Mortality in the United States during the era of hepatitis A vaccination. Journal of Infectious Diseases; 197:282-288

Bruss V, (2007). “Hepatitis B virus morphogenesis”. World journal of Gastroenterology13(1):65-70

Busari A.O, Danesy A.H, (2004). Adolescence and HIV/AIDS in contemporary issues and researcher on adolescence.

Donatelle R. (2009), Promoting Healthy Behaviour Change. Health: The basics, 8th edition, San Franscisco, CA:pearson Education,inc. pp4.

Hov. J., Liu Z. Gu F, (2005), Epidemiology and prevention of hepatitis B. Virus Infection. International Journal of Medicine ;2 :50-57

Jacobsen K.H, Koopman J.S (2005). The effects of socioeconomic development on worldwide hepatitis, a virus seroprevalence pattern. International Journal of Epidemiology;34(3):600-9

Kaplan L.A.(2003). Coping with pressure. New York: Resen publishing group inc

Longo D.L, (2012), Chronic hepatitis, Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 18th(ed) McGraw-Hill, New York.

Maddrey W.C, (2001), Hepatitis B – an important public health issue. Clinical Laboratory, 47(1-2):51-55

Monitoring and Evaluation Report, (2012), Hepatitis B infected health care workers and antiviral therapy, http//wwwacademic journals.org . Accessed Sept 22, 2014

Olubode O.O, (2009). Hepatitis: a faster killer disease than HIV/AIDS. West African Journal of Physical and Health Education; 13:236

.

Shankargonda P, Roopas, Anveeta A, (2013). Awareness and risk perception of hepatitis B infection among auxiliary healthcare workers. Journal of international Society of Preventive Dentistry;3(2):67-71

Teshade E.H., Grytdal, Howard C., Barry V, (2010). Evidence of person to person transmission of hepatitis E. Virus during large outbreak in Northern Uganda. 50:1006-1010

Wasley A, Fiore, Bell B,( 2006). Hepatitis A in the era of Vaccination epidemiology. Epidemiological Review

;28:101-111

WHO,( 2010). The Global prevalence of hepatitis A virus infection and susceptibility. A systematic Review.

Retrieved December 19, 2014 from http//www.who.int/vaccine document/ten

WHO, (2008). Hepatitis B fact sheet N0204. Retrieved December 15 from http//www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheet.

WHO, (2002). Epidemic and pandemic alert and response for HCV. Retrieved December 15 from

http//www.who.int/csr/disease/hepatitis

Young P.T, (2008). Motivation and Emotion, New York; John Wiley and Sons

Zaki ., Darmstadt G.L, Baten A, Ahsan C.R, Saha S.K, (2003), Seroepidemology of hepatitis B and Delta virus infections in Bangladesh. Vaccine;14:172


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.