Yemisi lydia OLALEYE





This paper examined the role of empowerment for youth as key to a crime-free society. This is with a view to establishing the level of socio-economic well-being and reduce crime in the society. lt highlights the factors that motivate youths to participate in organization and community development It also examines the extent to which socio-economic factors determine the outcome of people’s lives. Descriptive research design was used for the study A structured questionnaire was used in collecting data from a sample of 450 respondents for the study. Data collected were analyzed using Chi-square and t-test analysis. The findings established that there is a significant relationship between youth empowerment and attitude to crime involvement ( X2 cal = 453.025> X2 crit = 26.30 at 0.05 level of significance).It showed that there is significant relationship between capacity building of youths and reduction of  youth’s involvement in crime (X2 cal = 744.301 > X2 crit = 26.30 at 0.05 level of significance).  The findings also revealed that there is significant relationship between male and female attitudes to crime involvement (tcal = 34.616 > ttab = 1.965 at 0.05 level of significance).   It is, therefore, recommended that government’s empowerment programmes should be restructured, if not re-designed, and should be centred on a “participatory approach”, There should also be greater investment in the human capital investment of youths.  Besides, government should reach out to youths, regardless of their ethnic, cultural, religious, geographical or political affiliation.


Key Words:  Empowerment, youth, crime-free, society, Nigeria


Full Text:



Akinyemi, V.J. (1990) Determinants of Citizen Participation Activities in Ondo

State. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria 46-51

Blum, R.W. (2003) Positive Youth Development: A Strategy for Improving Health.

In. F. Jacobs, D. Wertlieb, & R.M. Lerner (Eds.), Handbook of Applied

Developmental Science: Vol. 2. Promoting Positive Child, Adolescent, and

Family Development through Research, Policies, and Programs. Thousand

Oaks, CA: Sage. pp. 237-252

Braithwaite, J (1989) Crime, Shame and Reintegration. Cambridge: Cambridge

University Press 26-31

Bursik, R and Grasmick, H.G. (1993) Neighbourhood and Crime. New York:

Lexington 42-47

Clark, K (1965) Dark Ghetto: Dilemmas of Social Power. NY: Harper and Row 14-

Chigunta, D.G.( 2002) Appraisal of Factors Enhancing Youth Vocational

Development. Journal of Social Education 2(1): 17- 45.

Cohen, J.M. and Uphoff, N.T. (1977) Rural Development Participation; Concepts

for Measuring Participation for Project Design. Implementation and

Evaluation Cornel, 63-69

Cook, P. J. (1991) The Technology of Personal Violence. In Michael Tony and

Norval Morris, eds, Crime and Justice, Vol. 14. Chicago University of

Chicago Press 142-153

Massey, D. S. and Denton, N. A. (2008) American Apartheid Segregation and

Making of the Underclass. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press 25-

Messner, S. and Tardiff, K. (1986) Economic Inequality and Levels of Homicide:

An Analysis of Urban Neighbourhoods. Criminology 24:297-318

Ojikutu, A.A. (1998) Community Participation in Development of Secondary

School Building in Irele Local Government Area, Ondo. Unpublished M.Ed.

Thesis, University of Ibadan, Ibadan. Nigeria. 41-48

Oladele, O.R. (2003) Citizen Participation in Community Development. A case

Study of Afijio Local Government Area. Unpublished B. ed. Dissertation,

University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria 28-33

Reiss, A.J. Jr.(1988) Co-offending and Criminal Careers. In Tonry, M. and Morris,

N. Eds, Crime and Justice, Vol. 10. 85-95 Chicago: University of Chicago


Reiss, A.J. Jr. and Roth, G. (1993), Understanding and Preventing Violence,

Washington DC: National Academy of Sciences 36- 42

Sampson, R. and Lauritsen, J.(1993) Violent Victimization and Offending

Individual Situational and Community Level Risk Factors. In Reiss, A. J. Jr

and Roth, J. Eds., Understanding and Preventing Violence. Vol. 3 215-223.

Washington DC: National Academuy of Sciences.

Schueman, L. and Kobrin, S.(1986) Community Careers in Crime. In Reiss, J. Jr.

and Tonry, M.Eds, Communities and Crime. Crime and Justice: A Review of

Research. Vol.8, 136-149 Chicago Press

Skogan, W. (1986) Fear of Crime and Neighbourhood Change. In Reiss, A. J. Jr.

and Tonry, M. Eds. Communities and Crime, Crime and Justice: A Review of

Research. Vol. 8 163-175. University of Chicago Press

Wilson, W.J. (1987) The Truly Disadvantaged. Chicago: University of Chicago

Press 36-43

World Bank (1998) Distribution and Growth: Compliments not Compromise. Policy

Research Bulletin 6 (3) May- July 6


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.